THE KAPAP TEACHING STANDARD


© Copyright 2016 Avi Nardia & Aleksandra Nardia w/Tim Boehlert

Teach your students by failing them and show them the reality of what violence really is. Teach them that there are no problems without solutions. Do so not by developing their ego and self-confidence, or by allowing them to fall prey to their own inferiority complex from someone that sees himself as a victim by buying into silly marketing agendas like: “Don’t be a victim!”, or “touch me and your first lesson is free” Don’t paint him a nice view of success through choreographic moves that have nothing to do with reality. He may only develop his ego and false confidence by buying into all of these egotistic slogans and end up walking around like too many do with cool T-shirts but risking his peace and life by looking for problems.

Here’s a short story to help convey what I mean:

One day a king invited two painters to paint his picture. The first completed a very realistic picture of the king seated on his chair and painted the king including his disabilities. You see the king was disabled with one blind eye, and missing one leg! The king got so mad that he sentenced the painter to prison!

The second painter painted the king as he rode upon a fine horse befitting a king. The painting depicted the king only from the one side showing his remaining leg, shooting his bow as he aimed with one eye closed (yes, the blind eye!) The king was so happy that he  paid him a large sum of money!

This is the talent of having a ‘good eye’: able to see the disabilities and yet make them appear as an advantage.

As a teacher I see it in many classes and work around my students’ disabilities: mental physical, spiritual and help them to become stronger by paying attention to the details as we say the devil is in the details and showing them the mechanism that can work for them personally. Because behind the generic body each of us builds differently and needs different adjustments specific to each of them. This is why feedback to each student may be important and is part of the training portion that I call ‘story-time.’

Some say “the sky is the limit” when what’s really true is that the ground is the limit and this is why I like teach ground and BJJ and Jiujutsu whats better than be locked on ground and in corner near wall to explore – Confined place.

Some time we need Risk your life to make life but training must be always safe – Today I see many Charlatans claim as formers special forces teaching un safe using load gun to teach gun disarming and   Many un safe training that as former top unit in Israel I know these guys never been in any special force and maybe been soldiers but for  sure never instructors as anyone that bern on service know and aware how much safety is first and last rule.

Defense mechanism
2. Reaction formation is the fixation in consciousness of an idea, affect, or desire that is opposite to a feared unconscious impulse. A mother who bears an unwanted child, for example, may react to her feelings of guilt for not wanting the child by becoming extremely solicitous and overprotective to convince both the child and herself that she is a good mother.

Personality: Freud

…of those drives. Other methods of defense include repression, a kind of withholding of conflicting ideas from recall; projection, the attribution to others of one’s own rejected tendencies; and reaction formation, turning into its opposite a tendency rejected in oneself—as in excessive generosity as a defense against avarice. The basic conflict between drives and control processes,…

http://www.britannica.com/topic/defense-mechanism#ref195658

Reaction formation

http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Reaction_formation
http://changingminds.org/explanations/behaviors/coping/reaction_formation.htm
http://study.com/academy/lesson/reaction-formation-in-psychology-definition-example.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reaction_formation
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hide-and-seek/201203/why-people-are-so-often-the-opposite-what-they-appear

Watch out from In psychoanalytic theory, reaction formation (German: Reaktionsbildung) is a defensive process (defense mechanism) in which emotions and impulses which are anxiety-producing or perceived to be unacceptable are mastered by exaggeration (hypertrophy) of the directly opposing tendency.[1][2]The reaction formations belong to Level III or neurotic defense mechanisms, which also include intellectualization, dissociation, displacement and repression.

The concept of reaction formation has been used to explain responses to external threats as well as internal anxieties. In the phenomenon described as Stockholm Syndrome, a hostage or kidnap victim ‘falls in love’ with the feared and hated person who has complete power over them. Similarly paradoxical reports exist of powerless and vulnerable inmates of Nazi camps creating ‘favourites’ among the guards and even collecting objects discarded by them. The mechanism of reaction formation is often characteristic of obsessional neuroses. When this mechanism is overused, especially during the formation of the ego, it can become a permanent character trait. This is often seen in those with obsessional character and obsessive personality disorders. This does not imply that its periodic usage is always obsessional, but that it can lead to obsessional behavior.

The more you take the less you have.

What I’m looking for in a Kapap Israeli Krav Maga leader: At this point, what I look for in a self-defense instructor is a human being who knows how to exist and thrive on this planet, a spiritual warrior. He/she also needs to understand my unique point of awareness to life and have the ability to lead, but not to use it for his own ego.

Self-preservation starts within the mind. I look up to educators that not only know techniques, clear concepts of fighting and effective escapes, but who touch on philosophy and psychology of violence and conflict communication. On top of it all, they MUST be happy.

I have great respect for people who can communicate their wisdom in a way that I respect and retain. It usually goes hand-in-hand with personal experience and being AWAKE!

I always watch to see how teachers conduct themselves. I look for humility and accountability. And then, I look at GENEROSITY. This is why I set 4 levels first as eligibility into my Kapap program as most will never manage to pass this simple test first. THAT is always what makes my decision. Anything that I learn from this person will touch many lives, so I look for it to be a POSITIVE model.

I’m looking for a person who considers inner peace and balance priorities as a human being. Someone who has taken a deep long look into the dark side and not only DEALT with it, but understands it profoundly, accepts it, and responds to it in reality, without judgment.

These people are mentors, LEADERS and teach and spread the word of Kapap Israeli Krav Maga.

© Copyright 2016 Avi Nardia & Aleksandra Nardia w/Tim Boehlert

Zarathustra

Outside is better Relative Position than Inside for self-defense.

Zarathustra was a smart and wise character created by Friedrich Nietzsche, the German philosopher, in his writings who tried to bring awareness to humans and to open their eyes, but no one understood his words. He understood that he was ahead of his time and that the world was not ready for him yet…

The name Nikola Tesla is a great example of a man that was ahead of his time. Only in the last few years has his name gained recognition. Tesla is now known for his work with electricity, his radio patents and many other ideas that demonstrate his genius, a man truly ahead of his time. Many now benefit from his ideas and inventions and patents.

It is hard to give unlimited power to limited minds.” Nikola Tesla

I was talking to a friend and great Martial Artist, a young talent, tell me that he joined my Sensei Hanshi Patrick McCarthy  workshop and that at last he could really understand. It made me understand that sometimes teachers may lose their students and forget that their students do not have the proper tools, knowledge or wisdom. As we try  to push them, they need more basics and knowledge that may appear to be common sense. It’s important to teach that and as we say “slow is fast.” When we teach too fast we may lose the students by using martial arts terms that they don’t understand enough to understand our meaning. When teaching conceptual martial arts it’s harder to teach and study than just teaching techniques. When you understand a technique you know a technique and when you understand a concept you know endless  techniques.

Masters have unfair advantage over most people – they were willing to fail, but tried anyway. 

Most people do not even wish to try to get their own White Belt’s because their ego prevents them from doing so,  but they instead prefer to take weekend ‘Master Certification’ programs in Military uniforms from YouTube ‘Masters” ex Solider  – Rambo. ‘Keep this in perspective: a White Belt is a higher level of learning than people sitting on a couch watching the video will ever achieve! It demonstrates their respect and willingness to study from a real Sensei.

In combat we have 3 dimensions:  front, back and side. We also have 3 ways you can move: forward, backward or to the side. We can only react in 3 ways: linearly, circularly or in a trianglular fashion and these compose Kapap’s ‘relative position’ concept. We use relative position to the aggressor and situational awarness which also includes use and awareness of the environment.

The best relative position is to not be there!  Avoid the fight! If we can’t escape, the next best relative position would be to be at the aggressors back or to his side. A bad relative position would be to stand in front of him, as he would then have all of his ‘tools’ to hit you with:  legs, knees, elbows, head, body and  hands. That’s why we always need to try and get to his blind-side where we can better control his center and creating ‘The Guard’ – Kamae in Japanese. It’s also the BEST position for us to strike and defend from.

Also in some situations we can’t  move backward but must stand fast and we’d need to know how to transfer our force against him and control him from the side or from his back.

As a combat and self-defense system this must be our first step, our prefered goal: to be ‘outside’ his body and not ‘inside’ his body. ‘Inside’ his body when discussing relative position means that you are in between his hands and legs and it also means that he can hit you the as same as you can hit him, and the stronger man will win. But, if you by step to the outside of his body you have the advantage of levarage and control of his body center and gain more power! It’s really an important issue in self defense. We assume we are not as strong as our aggressor and thus we must take advantage at any point in the process where we can that we will gain us more the advantage of creating more power. That’s why we prefer the outside or the ‘shadow-blind’ side and not the inside, between his arms. We also need to study dealing with the inside but as a secondary priority, for those times when there is no way to move to the outside.

If you choose to only fight from the inside, he may counter your moves and gain the advantage over you. You can gain advantage by using the unexpected – relative position is just such a concept. Using relative position in relation to your adversary means gaining advantage by using your special knowledge and training to end the conflict in your favor. Placing your body and thus your ‘weapons systems’ to his detriment automatically gains you the upper hand. He is now struggling with adjusting to an uncomfortable feeling – a situation for which he is not familiar, odd angles, closer proximity perhaps, and his mind will lag behind as he tries to adjust to an unfamiliar situation.

You have changed his attack to your advantage by using a different tactic than what he may have ever anticipated, or ever trained for. You now have his mind engaged and distracted enough to gain you time – a very good prospect. His mind is now reeling. He won’t be able to catch up to you IF you take advantage NOW, and stop his aggression, by using your own to stop him. By going to his side, or to his back, you have taken away his ‘sight’, his focus. He is now working hard to catch up to the new positioning, and has to slow down to comprehend those changes, evaluate and respond – which gives you many new options.

In Kapap we also use the ‘Rule PLUS One’ concept: If he has a gun, he may also have a knife. You will need to keep an open-mind, and always expect the unexpected. Never assume anything about a conflict – all things are possible, and those aspects and possibilities that you don’t account for will not be to your advantage, but to his.

You can lead a human to knowledge, but you can’t make him think. 

© Copyright 2016 Avi Nardia & Tim Boehlert

Guns and Fire arm – Grom and KAPAP Krav Maga

Guns and Fire arm – Grom and KAPAP Krav Maga

Avi Nardia

30 years back I was asked if Guns were part of  Martial art and my answer was YES

In modern life you are more likely to face a gun than Nunchako or Tonfa in crime or terror atack. If  Kyudo a Japanese archery is a Martial art there is NOT an argue that Fire arms is  not a Martial art  and need to be study as same as knife and other subjects  if you want  to become a Martial artist and mostly  to claim to be a Self Defense teacher.

If you want to perform a Gun disarming you will need to know a thing or two about guns thing with the  mechanism of Gun  that can be very helpful  if you want to  understand it and  improve your gun disarming technique. You will need to know how to clear malfunctions because gun attacks may include more than one attacker and once you manage get the gun in your hand you want to know how to use it.

30 years ago when I was teaching Fire arm as part of  KAPAP Israeli Martial art I was attacked publicly that this training  was not the martial art, not part of Israeli Martial art etc. Today with more people understanding the need of knowledge of guns and fire arms and facing new terror attacks and different safety risks  we got into a phase of transformation of traditional concept of  Martial art that started to  change and move to a Tactical mode.

I am teaching Fire arms for years now and in the last few years I have established a cooperation  with Master Zeljko Vujcic who is a master teacher of  Fire arm in Serbia. We have students from all over the world every month  coming to GROM shooting range in Pozarevac, Serbia. Our students come from South America, Asia, Middle  East and Europe etc.

“Grom” means “Thunder”  perfectly depicting a very  active fire arm training with lots of high caliber champions and great shooters.

The word  Tactical is a very IN word  used by new students mostly  which makes me smile because cool words don’t give you skills except decorating your speech.

many times military and Special forces  I get to teach or visit  get into an argue whether this Sport we do is Real or not. there claim We shoot real people not paper dolls. One day Master Zeljko had to demonstrate with only 3 bullets. He said that bullet doesn’t carry a name like sport bullet or combat bullet. It’s only purpose is to hit  a target or human and that’s the real knowledge

I agree that in order to shoot a person  a student needs also psychological  and other trainings. In this argue I don’t think army police tactic  is fit to civilians from the law point of view as they are not going to work in a team but as ONE individual.  So all Tactical self defense programs must be adjusted for civilian use to fulfill the standard of  modern self defense and be by the law.

I want to express my gratitude to  Budo Magazine again for opening this subject. In cooperation with Budo magazine I have filmed a Fire arm Video as part of the Self defense instruction. Hereby I want to announce a new DVD coming soon by Master Zeljko Vujcic and me as a presentation of  the Gun and fire arm program that we teach at Grom in Serbia.

 

The Small Arms Survey, a research project run by a Swiss university, publishes a ranking of estimated civilian gun ownership by country.

While the survey is a trusted and widely used document, the numbers are based on averages that, in some cases — like Yemen and Switzerland — include big margins of error. With that in mind, there remains no doubt as to which country has the most guns in private hands.

• The U.S. has 88.8 guns for every 100 residents.

• Yemen has 54.8 guns per 100 residents.

• Switzerland has 45.7 guns per 100 residents.

• Finland is 45.3 for every 100 people.

• Serbia has 37.8 guns per 100 residents.

Israel for surprise stands at place 79

For KAPAP Krav Maga Course it is NOT mandatory to study  Fire arm  BUT for  anyone who wants to teach Self defense and combative it’s a Program offered to our students with a complete understanding of the gun law and liabilities.

 

When It come to Gun control I can agree with Clint Eastwood

 

“I have a very strict gun control policy: if there’s a gun around, I want to be in control of it. “

Clint Eastwood

Also you can contemplate on  following  quotes :

Remember the first rule of gunfighting… ‘have a gun.’

Jeff Cooper ( From Fathers of Guns and Combatives )

 

One man with a gun can control 100 without one.

Vladimir Lenin

A gun is no more dangerous than a cricket bat in the hands of a madman.

Prince Philip

“You Can Get Much Further with a Kind Word and a Gun than with a Kind Word Alone .” – Al Capone

 

In Modern Society a health is very important and that’s why  we also teach as part of the Martial art that  Fork disarming is a top priority for taking care of what you eat and running a healthy life style is a part of  self defense as well.

Your genetics load the gun. Your lifestyle pulls the trigger.

Mehmet Oz

InUSA drugs as medicines abuse  surpass  any  logic and some time its also part of teaching disarming not only guns

I bought a gun and chose drugs instead.

Kurt Cobain

But for some also places around the world its a way of keep your life and self defense has many faces including guns study

We are a generation of settlers, and without the steel helmet and gun barrel, we shall not be able to plant a tree or build a house.

Moshe Dayan

We hope you will enjoy the new DVD and also to see you In Serbia Grom Fire arm academy

The Armed Combat System

The armed Combat System – Courses for different Levels by Avi Nardia Certified Hand Gun , Shoot Gun , Rifle  Instructor , and Safety Range Officer by NRA

 

 Introducing ( IPSC) Instinctive point shooting combat and safety with fire arms and handling fire arms and the use of fire arms as self defense and protection 

Point Shooting is generally recognized as the skill of discharging a firearm quickly, usually a hand-gun, in self defense, with minimal or no use of the sights on the gunitis a method of shooting a firearm that relies on a shooter’s instinctive reactions and kinematices  to quickly engage close targets. This method of shooting is used in dynamic situations when there is no time to use a gunsight or in low light conditions. Point shooting does not rely on sights  , but instead may place the gun below the line of sight, but in many cases still in the field of vision. Since the sights are not employed, the shooter focuses on the target. Point shooting methods currently are often referred to as threat focusedshooting.

The purpose of theInstinctive point shooting combat training, or IPSCis not to develop marksmanship; it is not to compete with other shooters; it is not to punch holes in paper targets; and certainly is not to hunt small game. 

The purpose of the training is to enable one to quickly and effectively stop someone who is trying to make you a victim.
In short, instinctive/ Point shooting trains people to win in a life threatening situations when you need to react in a fraction of a second in order to defend your life or protect other innocent people, often referred as a self defense discipline.

The problem is that the innocent citizen or cop must wait until a predator / Terrorist makes an overt act; one cannot shoot another on mere suspicion. This places the citizen in a situation where he or she must react to another’s actions. In a gunfight the aggressor has the advantage and the defender is usually a second or two behind. Thus the citizen/defender/victim is already coming second in the contest; and there are no second place winners!

In order to win, given this terrible disadvantage, the citizen must be able to overcome this lag time with a combination of speed and accuracy. This is what we teach: speed and accuracy in an armed encounter.Instinctive/Point shooting trains you to win in a gunfight, even when the aggressor has the advantage.

There are no rules in a gunfight/knife fight and street fight that puts you in a fraction second survival chance.

There are only facts, which if understood, can give you a winning edge:

Fact:Almost all gunfights/Knife scenario fight/Assaults occur at distances of under three meters.

Fact:Most gunfights and assaults are over in two to three seconds.

Fact:A high percentage of gunfights/assaults occur in dim light or where sights are hardly visible.

Fact:In a spontaneous life-threatening situation the body undergoes changes which deteriorate fine motor skills, while vision is focused exclusively on the threat.

Conclusion:To win in a gunfight, or surviving a life threatening situation assault, requires great speed and accuracy in drawing and firing the gun at close range without the use of sights. This is sometimes called instinctive shooting or point shooting.

Violence, whether recreational or otherwise, ispart of the culture in western societies and in the new era of terrorism it knows no boundaries. Therefore, whether we like it or not, violence is going to be a feature of our lives for a long time to come. Rather than to ignore it or hide away from it, we must learn to handle it. If we wish to stay in this beautiful but troubled country we have to learn to deal with these problems. The only objective way we can live with violence is to avoid it, deflect it or reduce its impact by being prepared for it because it will not go away! This is a terrible notion for folk who just want to live in peace but one we can no longer ignore.

As usual, it is nature that holds the key. The human animal’s natural instincts, which include spontaneous reaction to sudden attack, are formidable powers which will usually ensure survival but only if harnessed correctly. In my experience there are two factors which constantly interfere with our ability to defend ourselves, inappropriate equipment and inadequate training, which have killed (and continue to kill) many “good guys”.

After many long years of involvement in personal security matters I have reached the conclusion that in order to give full reign to the natural survival instincts of the human body, equipment and training must be kept as simple as possible.

Attacks are sudden and without warning. A huge bonus during such attack is a concealed handgun capable of immediate action, one that requires no time-wasting two-handed loading operation or a frantic search for a cunningly hidden safety catch. What is needed is a handgun that can be pulled, pointed and fired repeatedly without a fuss or bother, as well as capable of being carried safely whilst in this ready mode. The training offered and the equipment recommended by IPSC–  Combat Point Shooting is calculated to keep people safe whilst at the same time impacting minimally on their daily lives.

SWORDs of Wisdom

SWORDS of Wisdom:
© Copyright 2017 Avi Nardia

During my last workshop I had to remind my class of the goals in Martial Arts and have since decided to share it again here in Budo Magazine.

I want to impart some new and some old advice.

“Pain is the best teacher, but injury is the wrong teacher.”

This is one reason that we advocate safe training – “Slow is Fast.”

When you have Martial Arts knowledge you only need to share it! We don’t need to slander and only see the mistakes of others. We just need to share our work and knowledge. “The more good that is inside you, the less bad you will see in others.”

“That’s like the pot calling the kettle black.”

“It takes one to know one.”

“You don’t show a fool half-work.”

“The hunchback sees only his companion’s hump.”

“Judge not that ye be not judged.”

‎כל הפוסל – במומו הוא פוסל (translated: “Anyone that rejects others – sees his own shortcomings in others.”)

אין הגמל רואה את דבשתו (translated:” “The camel does not see his own hump.”)

Now, I wish to share some old wisdom: SMARTial Arts of a great swordsman – we call it sWORDsmanship.

Yagyū Munenori was a Japanese swordsman, founder of the Edo branch of Yagyū Shinkage-ryū, which he learned from his father Yagyū ‘Sekishūsai’ Muneyoshi. This was one of two official sword styles patronized by the Tokugawa shogunate.

The purpose of mastering Martial Arts through training is to overcome six kinds of diseases:

  1. The desire for victory.
  2. The need to impress others.
  3. The tendency to rely on technical cunning.
  4. The desire to master the psychological aspects of your opponent.
  5. The will to wait for the opponent’s first move(s) which would expose their weaknesses.
  6. The desire to overcome all of these diseases.

“It is easy to kill someone with the slash of a sword, but it is hard to be impossible for others not to cut you down.”

“It is bias to think that the art of war is just for killing people. It is not to kill people, it is to kill evil. It is a stratagem to give life to many people by killing the evil of one person.”

“See first with your mind, then with your eyes, and finally with your body.”

“Throwing down your own sword is also an art of war. If you have attained mastery of swordlessness, you will never be without a sword. The opponent’s sword is your sword. This is acting at the vanguard of the moment.”

“Conquering evil, not the opponent, is the essence of swordsmanship.”

“There may be a hundred stances and sword positions, but you win with just one.”

“Once a fight has started, if you get involved in thinking about what to do, you will be cut down by your opponent with the very next blow.”

Kapap – Wikipedia

KAPAP – Israeli Krav Maga – Martial Art of the Holy Land

 

Combats and combative in the Holy land take to Bible times and first Jewish living in the Holy Land called today Israel

Jewish Combats with  Roman times and before and Greeks or Hellenes 

The Hasmoneans were the dynasty royalty Judith ruled in the land of Israel and some from the Hellenistic period in Israel , in the 2nd century BC to the first century BC .

On 29 November 1947, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine. This specified borders for new Arab and Jewish states and an area of Jerusalem which was to be administered by the UN under an international regime. The end of the British Mandate for Palestine was set for midnight on 14 May 1948

The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have historically been used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel and the entire Jewish people respectively.The name “Israel”  often interpreted as “struggle with God” in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, according to the Hebrew Bible, was given the name after he successfully wrestled with the angel of the Lord. Jacob’s twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites, also known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. Jacob and his sons had lived in Canaan but were forced by famine to go into Egypt for four generations, lasting 430 years, until Moses, a great-great grandson of Jacob, led the Israelites back into Canaan during the “Exodus”. The earliest known archaeological artifact to mention the word “Israel” is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt (dated to the late 13th century BCE).

The area is also known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity, Islam and the Bahá’í Faith. From 1920, the whole region was known as Palestine (under British Mandate) until the Israeli Declaration of Independence of 1948.Through the centuries, the territory was known by a variety of other names, including Judea, Samaria, Southern Syria, Syria Palaestina, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Iudaea Province, Coele-Syria, Djahy, and Canaan.

Kapap – Israeli Krav Maga take us to same land around the years as 1900

From First names to be on records as Self defense and Martial arts

Moshe Feldenkrais was born in the Russian Empire. In 1918, he immigrated to Palestine.He worked as a laborer and obtained his high-school diploma from Gymnasia Herzliya in 1925. After graduation, he worked as a cartographer for the British survey office and began to study self-defense, including Ju-Jitsu. A soccer injury in 1929 promoted the development of his method in later years.

During the 1930s, he lived in France where he earned his engineering degree from the École Spéciale des Travaux Publics, and later his Doctor of Science in engineering at the Sorbonne where Marie Curie was one of his teachers.[6] During this time he worked as a research assistant to nuclear chemist and Nobel Prize laureate Frédéric Joliot-Curie at the Radium Institute. In September 1933, he met Jigoro Kano, the founder of judo in Paris. Kano encouraged him to study Judo under Mikinosuke Kawaishi. Feldenkrais became a close friend of Kano and corresponded with him regularly.[7] In 1936, he earned a black belt in judo, and later gained his 2nd degree black belt in 1938. He was a co-founding member of the Ju-Jitsu Club de France, one of the oldest Judo clubs in Europe, which still exists today. Frédéric, Irène Joliot-Curie, and Bertrand Goldschmidt took Judo lessons from him during their time together at the institute.

Krav Maga as a term appears from the fisrt time in the IDF in 1948 but in IDF dictunary oon 1965 it was not difined yet and its turn used after the KAPAP to difined Hand tO Hand 

Krav Maga and Kapap are terms used interchangeably for the same body but not always same  knowlwdge (techniques and drills) in the IDF for the entire decade 1948-1958

“Judo Shimushi ” – ” Practical Judo ” (Useful/Practical/applicable – Judo) was a term also used interchangeably with Krav Maga and Kapap.

 A manual under the title of “Judo Shimushi ” Practical Judo “was published in 1947/48. The manual is dedicated to the memory of Gershon Kopler and Yehuda Markus. It attributes to them the compilation of this hand to hand combat body of knowledge, and organizing it under a methodical way of practice (I.e. systemizing it).

 This manual served as the main reference book for all Krav Maga/ Kapap courses in the school for physical training, where all hand to hand combat instructors were trained , The manual sereved as the main reference until 1960 when a hand to hand combat manual titled Krav Maga was published.

 The publication of the 1960 manual does not imply a change in the system or some revision. It is simply an indication that the name Krav Maga became the preferred term of use and that it was time to make a new manual reflecting the present state of Krav Maga or hand to hand combat in the IDF.

Kapap was developed in Mandatory Palestine by a group of instructors during the 1930’s and 1940’s. the main body of it was organized and taught . Kapap and KM are one and the same until at least 1958

 The hand to hand combat curriculum  was adopted in the most part from that practiced in the Palmach.

Hand to hand combat (Kapap) is a concept inclusive which first appeared among the defense forces of the Jewish community that is protection in 1940 and refers to the total subjects fighting with bare hands and weapons cold Bhtiitm combat – military, we had an application that is not sporty. Occupation This fighting is called Kappa “P. marked change in the attitude of the Haganah and beyond conception defensive as reflected in the concept of sports protective, aggressive approach. Sports Star of pre-term Kapap and was used during the second half of the 30s of the 20th century. It is difficult to value the term Kapap system as we understand it today methods of combat and certainly not to read historical Kapap martial art in the modern sense of this concept

Kapap formed professional practice guideline approach contained therein. These subjects were studied individually and together as a system integrated. This approach continued into the IDF in the 50s and was the basis of the method now called Krav Maga. The concept of Krav Maga and Kapap were used in parallel with respect to this profession in the IDF until the end of the fifties. Unlike methods of fighting and martial arts these days before the State did not have a headboard and a leading figure not one. Contents learned edited by teachers and counselors lead all professionals and have been prepared and developed over the years as a result of preoccupation with them. Total practical and methodological knowledge called Kapap and practice of systematically done during the 30s and 40s of the 20th century, especially in the Palmach and the IDF a decade later after the establishment of the State of Israel.

Although there is no way to apply Kapap an organizational structure similar to that practiced methods is now possible to identify key figures in various positions that led to the development of this area . Areas of activity encompass : practical training , content authoring and development of training methods , research didactic , management courses and training facilities , the creation of training facilities and training . discipline taught as part of Kapap : boxing , jujutsu ( judo acts ) , a knife , short stick ( those ) stick length ( in fact called ‘ stick trip or Indian method , and was based on French – British incarnation of the latter method Kana – French , without the knowledge of local guides ) , stone throwing and javelin ( Spear )

Modern Kapap is based on the principle of fighting Kapap historical and military incarnation and who for training Fighting face to face with their bare hands and using only basic tools. Kapap there are a number of approaches and to adapt it to the needs of each one: a man security forces, security guard person on the street and so on.

Before the state was Kapap teach youth movements in frames pre-military training and as part of the incentive to raise Haganah and Palmach.

Today Kapap with a stick taught amateur (non-professional), mountaineering camp of Working and Studying Youth, Education as a method for connecting members layer G motion connection between tradition and youth national protective agencies, past and present (IDF), and as a kind of ” reconstruction “of past youth

Key figures – First developers on the 1930 : Gershon Kofler , Yitzhak Stiebel , live Heinrich Cohen Emanuel Gil , Kurt Benjamin .

1940 added : Moshele Horowitz , Yehuda Marcus , Joshua Globerman , Akiva Atzmon , Amos Golani , Musa glow Finkel , Raphael Atlas .

Other prominent directories : Joe dove , heartfelt Solomon , Avraham Adan , Micha Perry , Uzi Nemirovsky , Paul Beaver , Imi Lichtenfeld , Giora Shanan , open Zaid , David Levy .

Moshe Feldenkriez RIP been also from first Israeli Martial Artist and post books and as Avi Nardia reserch KAPAP and visted in Mishel Horovitz RIP home in Heftziva Kibutz he was handed by Mishel Horovitz that was head Instructor for KAPAP to the Palmah in old days KAPAP and he show Avi Nardia few Manuel Books he used and than Been in used and Including the bok by Moshe Feldenkries Practical Unarmed combat and some how many forget to mention the name Moshe Feldenkries but reserch show he was a greta contributer to Israeli Martial Arts old days and modern days.as he said in his intervew many start training Jiujutsu and the guys that been hero just died during the combats as Gerson Kupler whom train 23 young team to go Lebanon for some comando attack and all lost including Gerson Kuppler RIP which was from Main KAPAP instructors in old days and form the words of Arie Tepler as been his student say for Gerson Kupler – I knew Only one brave guy name Gerson Kupler RIP , he was Sport and drill sargent in Austrian army before he immigrant to Israel and bring with him the knowlage for KAPAP as base for the Krav Maga in Hagana training he teach also walk on ropes and military wrestling 

Some of Moshe Feldenkrize steps in Martial art and self defense

1918- at the age 0f 14 immigrant to Israel and lived for 6 month

1921- at age 17 start study Jiujutsu

1920 – 1930 Been part of Hagana on combats against Arabs

1928 Developing Self Defense system 

1930 Publish Jiujutsu and Self Defense book

1932 Open Judo Club in France 

1933 Meeting Gigaro Kano Judo Founder in Franceand start study Judo

1934 Publish in France language the Book Self Defense 

1938 Publish Judo Book A.B.C Du Judo

1940 Escap from France to England and Start tecah in there Judo. 

1941 Publish Judo – The Art of Defense and Attack

1942 Publish book – Practical Unarmed Combat

1946 teach team from Israel that come to UK study with him from Hagana 

1948 Partner of opening Europe Judo Federation and voted to manager it

1952 publish Higher Judo book

History 

Occupational battle face – to-face ancient roots among all peoples as did the Jewish people . Since the beginning of the new settlement in Palestine , at the end of the 19th century , Jewish settlers took defensive skills to attack Arabs .

Parallel to the development of the community and its various defense forces , evolved combat Occupational face – to-face . Practice it received a significant boost during the 30s of the 20th century , in the ” operating companies ” , a paramilitary arm of the World . Although this body does not belong to defense , actually is his command of David Ben – Gurion, Histadrut and senior Haganah . Can be attributed to the Great Arab Revolt decisive influence on professional development for face – to-face serve as a catalyst to formulate a defense force military community and offensive approach in fighting different defense policy of restraint for most of the 30s .

Establishment of the Palmach mobilized military arm of the defense was another stage in the evolution of Kapap. As part of this body were concentrated in the best guides combat professions face-to-face rows of defense and youth movements in Palestine, particularly “youth worker” and Hamahanot immigrants “.

Although the term Kapap first appeared in 1940, many of its contents were processed in the 30s in the “operating companies”, especially in boxing and jujutsu. Practice javelin received a boost during the Great Arab Revolt and established a special frameworks, such as police communities notarot Hebrews and the special night squads under the command of Orde Wingate. however short stick fighting method developed in the framework of the “immigrant camps”.

1941 is a key year in the development of Kapap . In January – February 1941 Kapap course is defending commanders and May of that year immediately after the establishment of the Palmach Kapap instructors course is this framework . Both of these courses are used in line and how to transfer content and promote the integration of subjects across the Haganah . Activity Hhg”m and Youth Corps helped this trend of assimilation and distribution of Kapap spread among youth in the community . Throughout the 40s held training courses and training Kapap very large scale . In the second half Kapap training to expand beyond the borders of the land surrounding them with the Cyprus detention camps and displaced persons camps in Europe .

With the establishment of the state , and the establishment of the IDF infrastructure protection organization has led occupation Kapap field of responsibility of physical training service under the command of Moshe Finkel glow . The service industry has become a physical training exercise at the beginning of the 50s of the 20th century and treated Kapap development , training manuals IDF troops and supervision of their work . During the ’50s , penetrating new concept using professional attitude combat and combat . At the end of a decade that is used to define these two concepts completely disappeared field use of the term Kapap .

on 2000 after No one used the turm KAPAP any more in Israel or out side Avi Nardia setting new self defense program to Top Israeli Counter Terror unit as the unit official instructor and as the unit recruit him to set new Hand to hand combative program and since his father Josef Nardia RIP been form first Israeli Paratroopers on 1950 and carry red wings from the only that allowed and all the history he studied from his father including the Old Judo styel tecah as under name ” Judo Shimushi ” Practical Judo and KAPAP Avi decide as respect and memory to all instructors that never been mention before in any Israeli Martial art web to memory them and call the new system KAPAP Israeli Krav Maga and he first reserch and bring the names first time to be heard as KAPAP and as all old days instructors and he meet Mishel Horovitz and hand him the new KAPAP Books and DVD in his home as close circle and honor to the old guys that almost all Israeli Martial art web site forgot and never mention in any web.

he biuld the KAPAP Federation on 2001 and start spread the system out side of Israel and later as from one school tecahing KAPAP its become like grass after rain…new schools and organiztions that Buy the dvd and books and ” Found KAPAP he decide to set all training under his name as he said hope no one can claim he is now the real Avi Nardia …and he teach Under Avi Nardia Academy KAPAP Israeli Krav Maga as also diferent traditional martial arts as Kendo Iaido Jido Judo Kenjutsu Aiki Kenpo Jujutsu BJJ under Machado RCJ as he said Im good Krav Maga instructor because my martial arts knowlage not because I was in Army.

today the KAPAP is world wide system

Build your Armor – Mind Body Spirit

Build your Armor – Mind Body Spirit
© Copyright Avi Nardia, Aleks Nardia, Christopher Shabazz

 

Your armor will not defend you from the fear in your heart – Avi Nardia

 

“you’re only as old as your spine” Chinese proverb

 

Mens sana in corporesano

is a Latin phrase, usually translated as “a healthy mind in a healthy body”. The phrase is widely used in sporting and educational contexts to express the theory that physical exercise is an important or essential part of mental and psychological well-being.The phrase comes from Satire X of the Roman poet Juvenal

 

Mobility essential in Martial art

“We see in order to move; we move in order to see.”  ― William Gibson

“Nothing happens until something moves.” ― Albert Einstein

 

During one of my visits to Israel, I handed Mishel Horovitz  RIP ( the head Instructor for KAPAP at Palmach days and developer of the Stick fighting for KAPAP at the old days )  the KAPAP Krav Maga book written by me and published by Budo International Magazine, as well as a set of the KAPAP DVD published by Budo. As I was looking at some old pictures and manual books he had, I noticed one particular book called Practical Unarmed Combat – Moshe Feldenkrais 1942. This name took me back to my childhood memories and reminded me of one of the great pillars of Israeli Martial arts… a name you need to research. I remembered from my early age all the Judo and self defense books I used to read which were written by Moshe, as well as how he used to teach his fitness style at the time and how he became known for teaching the Israeli Prime Minister to stand on his head.

 

Moshe FeldenkraisThe only thing permanent about our behavior patterns is our belief that they are so.

 

Moshé Pinchas Feldenkrais was an Israeli engineer and physicist and the founder of the Feldenkrais Method,which claims to improve human functioning by increasing self-awareness through movement.

Feldenkrais’ theory is that “thought, feeling, perception and movement are closely interrelated and influence each other.” He was a scientist-clinician and among the greatest thinkers of the 20th Century on how to improve movement and function. He was far ahead of his time in understanding that the brain can change itself.

Throughout his life, he developed  a revolutionary method to improve skill and well-being, making the impossible possible.

 

Feldenkrais had a scientific mind that pushed  Japanese jujitsu which had exploded as an international phenomenon in the early 1900s. Feldenkrais learned jujitsu techniques for real life application in the street.  He published a book on Jujitsu that was based on what he had learned fighting and teaching others and was intended as a training tool for the Haganah, or Jewish defense forces. Much of his work was incorporated into the system that became known as KAPAP – Krav Maga today for sure. He was trained by the First Judo Black Belts and trained in the First Judo clubs in Paris, France

His ideas  and principles were based on “maximum efficiency with minimum effort” to everyone.

Throughout the years, I got involved with Brazilian Jiujutsu and started follow Ginastica Natural and Bio Ginastica by Prof. Orlando Cani, while I was student of Machado RCJ under Professor John Machado. This whole natural Body movement reminded me of my childhood and the days that I was teaching in Tel Aviv University. I was doing some warm up flows based on Bio Ginastica and another professor of the Feldenkrais method asked me if I teach Feldenkrais, which made me smile. No, I wasn’t teaching the Feldenkrais Method, but understanding body movement is common to all humans, isn’t it? When I visited India, I met a Yoga teacher that had done similar movements and when I went back to my BJJ class and asked Machado, he smiled and said yes, he knew the Yoga movements. During my most recent visit to Professor Machado’s school, I conducted a demo with a very talented student and martial art teacher, Ken Akiyama Sensei. His movement evolved into a new era and made me proud to see how his movement continues to develop and progress and how talented he is from the level I taught him and what he had made from that.

This helped me set a few principles on how we see movements  in KAPAP Krav Maga:

PRACTICAL – actually useful. Movement needs be helpful in everyday

life. From getting up in the Morning to fleeing from danger, our movements need to be based on need.

ADAPTABLE – Movement depends on context.  Based on specific and ever changing environments and situations and learning to adapt.

EFFICIENT –  efficiency and skillful performance while following the safety first safety last rule.

VITAL

The movements help keep us safe. They are useful in times of emergency.

INSTINCTUAL

Movement is instinctual, in contrast to Technique, which is not. Study  technique to turn instinct into ability.

COOPERATIVE

Study the Values and Morals and social skills lead to great friendship and community , work in a group to accomplish what no individual is capable of. Practice can be done alone or with group.

ENVIRONMENTAL practice both outdoors and indoors in order to maximize health benefits and increase well-being and connection with nature and healthy lifestyle.

EVOLUTIONARY   human  move has not changed. Our health is tied to moving as we, the human species, always has..

UNIVERSAL Movement is common to all human beings, regardless of origin, gender or age.

 

If you Practice Yoga once a week you will change your Mind

If you Practice Yoga twice a week you will change your Body

If you Practice Yoga every day you will change your Life

 

Any Yoga is Better than No Yoga

Yoga is a group of physicalmental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India– Any Traditional  Martial Arts will teach the same — Yoga and art of Mobility is Part of Any Traditional Martial arts from Breathing – Sprit To Mind and Body .

We need more resolute, not excuse – Avi Nardia

 

Avi Nardia Academy – www.avinardia.com       www.avinardiablog.com

MILITARY GAMES – MIND GAMES AND HOW TO SURVIVE

MILITARY GAMES – MIND GAMES AND HOW TO SURVIVE
© Copyright Avi Nardia

SIMPLICITY  is the ultimate sophistication
-Leonardo da Vinci

 

No Groin no Krav Maga – No Brain No KAPAP

The brain is the strongest muscle in the body

Military Games – The goal is to hit you both emotionally and physically and to break your spirit and split you, individually or as a team – Your goal is to resist and keep ” one for all and all for one”and not allow your body, mind and spirit to be split and to remain and as group – “You can kill me but never defeat me”Motto of Mental training in Boot camp and Military games – Our Martial Art teaches team building and  FRIENDSHIP as well as skills; students understand that the instructors are there to make them strong, not make them fail, they are able to adapt their thinking. When given a task that seems impossible, the students learn that they must improvise to find a solution, and overcome all the barriers in order to complete their task.

Philosophy shared by  warriors. 

1.“The more you sweat in times of peace, the less you bleed in times of war”.

  1. A mindset of confidence.
  2. Set small goals throughout the day.
  3. You will always face a consequence for not hitting a goal.
  4. Train when you don’t feel like it.

 

Tips to build mental toughness, the body strength comes later:

  1. Focus on yourself first.

Self-awareness  build  “unbeatable mind.” It’s best to avoid making the same mistakes over and over

A journal – track your acheivements

  1. Figure out your purpose – Integrated training Martial arts sports, free diving and breathing training

 

The brain is the strongest muscle in the body – Train your mental endurance

Emergency Conditioning (EC): Make the Unknown Familiar

Using visualization techniques, practice what is known as emergency conditioning (EC). This means conditioning the mind in advance of emergencies, thus producing psychological strength in times of crisis. This is also referred to as “battle-proofing” or “battle inoculation” by military personnel

If the brain imagines something in deep and vivid detail, it will become part of a person’s “experience files.” This visualization exercise will actually fool the brain into believing that you have already experienced this event. This internal battle-proofing gives you an incredible advantage.

Create a Trigger– that makes you want to live, no matter what comes your way.

Situational Awareness

In military-speak, situational awareness is defined as the ability to identify, process, and comprehend the critical elements of information about what is happening to the team with regard to a mission

Situational Awareness Checklist

  • Try to guess what individuals around you are thinking or doing.
  • Look for odd behavior or things that seem out of place.
  • Determine where you’d go if you had to seek immediate cover from an explosion or gunshots.
  • Find the two closest exits.
  • Determine whether someone is following you or taking an unusual interest in you.

 

“The harder, the more miserable, and crazy it becomes, the stronger I get. No matter what happens, I’m getting stronger, not weaker.”

 

6  Mental Toughness Techniques for mental endurance                                                                                                                                                                          

Technique #1: 1. “Eat the Elephant”–Don’t Build Rome, Build One Single Home

One bite at a time. A solution in segmentation. Slowly divide the elephant into neatly digestible parts Application: Break down any daunting task into immediate, bite-sized objectives. Focus only on completing one at a time. Avoid considering the whole.

Technique #2: “Visualize Success”–Rehearse in Your Head

In a certain study, basketball players improved their free throw accuracy by 23% from just visualizing the free throws. Players who practiced actual free throws only improved by 24%. That’s a mere 1% difference.

Good visualizations have the following qualities:

  • Vivid and detailed.Engage all the senses. Imagine the particulars. Make it as real as possible.
  • Run the play-by-play over and over in your head. Make it automatic.
  • Positive Imagery.Do notenvision yourself failing. Instead, repeatedly envision yourself in a state of effortless success.
  • Imagine Consequences.If your fortitude wanes, imagine the consequences of failure. See the faces of your friends and family when they hear the news. Envision the pain of personal embarrassment.

 

Technique #3: “Emotional Control”–Witnessing Your Anxiety

In times of great stress, a rush of our body’s main stress hormones — adrenaline, cortisol, and norepinephrine — can give us a boost of energy and focus.

However, when these hormones stay elevated for long periods, we cannot switch to relaxation mode. We have trouble sleeping, motivation decreases and immune function takes a serious hit.

simple solution is something called the 4 by 4 for 4:

  1. Breathe in for 4 seconds
  2. Breathe out for 4 seconds
  3. Repeat for 4 minutes

 

Use simple breathing exercises to switch off your stress hormones and prep the body for relaxation.

Technique #4: “Nonreactivity”–Reframing the Moment

“Men are disturbed not by things, but the view they take of them.” — Epictetus

We can’t control what happens in our outside world, but we can control our interpretation of it.

Try to reframe any negative views into more positive ones. See “bad” events as a challenge for you to go out there and improve yourself.

 

Technique #5: “Small Victories”–Celebrate the Tiny Things

 

What should you do when nothing is going right and everything is going wrong?

Try to think smaller.

Small victories keep morale high. And high morale feeds forward into more high morale. It creates a virtuous circle of positivity for doing good work.

Technique #6: Find Your Tribe (and Necessity)Nobody Wins Alone

 

Humans don’t mind hardship, in fact they thrive on it; what they mind is not feeling necessary. Modern society has perfected the art of making people not feel necessary. It’s time for that to end.”

We humans are social creatures. And we crave meaning in a world that sometimes seems all too meaningless.

Find both — close friends and close principles — and you have a hotbed for mental resilience.

You’ve got the tools. All that’s left is to apply.

Mindset Training – Motivational Secrets

 

Mindset Training Plan in 3-D: Define It, Divide It, Do It Daily

 

Mindset Training requires thinking in three dimensions, and it’s not about creating a perfect plan, because there is no such thing. It’s about creating a plan to succeed no matter what obstacles you encounter:

 

 

Think Like an Elite Warrior

“Think like an Elite Warrior to Lead and Succeed.”

We are all leaders and followers – leading our family, our corporate tribe or ourselves. Whether we do it well is another issue. To think like an elite warrior means to train your body-mind to be able to excel in an environment that is volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous.

Master the  “VUCA” environments. VUCA is an acronym—first used in 1987—to describe or to reflect on the  volatility, uncertaintycomplexity and ambiguity of general conditions and situations. The deeper meaning of each element of VUCA serves to enhance the strategic significance of VUCA foresight and insight as well as the behaviour of groups and individuals in organizations.It discusses systemic failuresand behavioral failureswhich are characteristic of organizational failure.The business world is becoming a lot like the battlefield of the Spec Ops warrior. If the corporate and entrepreneurial leader can learn to find clarity amidst the uncertainty and take powerful action in spite of ambiguity, then they will lead and succeed at an elite level.

Remember and follow to start – the basic 6 at your First Boot Camp

  1. Positive self-talk.
  2. A “Why” or purpose.
  3. Focus on the immediate threat.
  4. Breathe.
  5. Visualize success.
  6. Quitting is not an option.

 

Dilemmas in the CQB / CQC  – “How Close is Too Close?”

Dilemmas in the CQB / CQC  – “How Close is Too Close?”
© Copyright Avi Nardia

Tueller Drill  –  OODA Loop and Hick–Hyman law

The Japanese have a saying – Even Monkeys Fall from Trees!

サルも木きから落おちる (saru mo ki kara ochiru, rare) – even experts occasionally make mistakes.

From early slogan of Kapap – Noah’s Ark was built by amateurs, while The Titanic constructed by Experts. That is why it is ‘Better to be students of reality, rather than Masters of illusion.

Each day we study something new, we can judge videos of Bruce Lee today, but we need to remember the time it was made, it was the best new knowledge at the time.

Over time things evolve and progress, we can’t look with today’s knowledge into the old, we need to look as studies progress and always remember than even monkeys fall from trees.

Tueller Drill is a self-defense training exercise to prepare against a short-range knife attack when armed only with a holstered handgun.

Sergeant Dennis Tueller, of the Salt Lake City, Utah Police Department experimented on how quickly an attacker with a knife could cover 21 feet (6.4 m), so he timed volunteers as they raced to stab the target. He determined that it could be done in 1.5 seconds. These results were first published as an article in SWAT magazine in 1983 and in a police training video by the same title, “How Close is Too Close?”

A defender with a gun has a dilemma. If he shoots too early, he risks being accused of murder. If he waits until the attacker is definitely within striking range so there is no question about motives, he risks injury and even death. The Tueller experiments quantified a “danger zone” where an attacker presented a clear threat.

  • An armed (edged or blunt weapon) suspect can cross 21 feet in about 1.5 seconds
  • An officer may draw from the holster and fire 2 rounds in 1 – 1.5 seconds
  • Those first rounds may not stop the threat

Teller’s drill is the foundation for some of today’s action/reaction time research, which should be correctly applied to train officers to increase distance (when possible) in myriad situations. The distance increase is likely beyond what officers may have originally felt was sufficient.

Submitted as evidence are the following suspect-movement time studies:

  • Study illustrates that seated suspects can cross five feet at an average of 1.3 seconds
  • Study shows standing suspects can cross six feet at an average of 1.1 seconds
  • Study shows standing suspects can cross 25 feet at an average of 1.6 seconds

The Tueller Rule as deadly 21 feet Zone giving martial artists a tricky problem dealing with the short distance – we all know the best defense is run a way, but what if you can’t run away, your locked into a situation and can’t escape.

I want KAPAP Krav Maga to lead the way in dealing with the issue of close distance, and create the best concepts in close quarter conflict. Krav means close quarter in Hebrew and Maga means – touch as combat touch.

Working with the Grom shooting team and Master Željko Vujčić, we have made a new DVD for Budo Magazine, ‘Self Defense with Guns’. The DVD is purely about guns, it covers empty hand working with NO time for reaction.

To make sure we all understand the problem and find better solutions (as the market is loaded with instructors selling fear, picking fault and not offering solutions – we have all been aware of the problems for many years, but can’t guarantee the best solutions as they are complex problems. We can buy many things but not time).

The 21 feet measurement is a deadly zone, even if we double the distance and make it 42 feet (12.8 metres). Most people think that doubling the distance means doubling the time.

BUT, it’s not as straight forward as it seems. In the first 21 feet, the attacker goes from zero to maximum speed. The next 21 feet the attacker has accelerated their speed and reaching that distance only takes 2 seconds. This shows us how the problem of short distance can be, and how we lose time for good reaction.

Let us add into it – Exsanguination this is the loss of blood to a degree sufficient to cause death.  It is most commonly known as “bleeding to death.” These words ‘bleed to death’ create more issues.

It can take between 6-14 seconds to bleed out depending on the injuries sustained. This means even if you shoot someone they can still run long enough to reach and stab you.

The Tuller drill can be applied to knife fighting too. Over the years I have watch Kali and Hubud drills, when I watch this reminds me that these are just DRILLS. They are too choreographed to work in real life.

Why? Because you don’t want to be working the same distance as your attacker. If you can cut them, they can cut you. One of my first KAPAP slogans used was: “Even a dead man can kill you”.

Based on this concept we take the risk away first, by attacking the hand of the assailant nullifying the threat. I have watched too many instructors filled with ego, teaching students to cut to the neck, rather than the hand.

This brings us back into shooting different ideas with the Mozambique Drill also known as the Failure Drill or Failure to Stop Drill, or informally, “two to the body, one to the head. We recommend using the death triangle, aiming between the eyes and mouth. But continue shooting until the threat has been neutralized. We talk on Stop Power and what’s called “Pocket shooting ” example as break hip be stop power , Ammo and velocity gun caliber all play in stop power as so drugs and others factors on object.

It’s important to note when hand to hand training, remember that just because you’re not bleeding on the outside doesn’t mean you’re not bleeding. Internal bleeding can be tricky, hard to detect and may show up only as bruising or swelling, if it shows up at all. However, internal bleeding can be extremely serious, especially bleeding from major arteries. You can bleed into your chest or abdominal cavity and die without ever showing a single drop of blood on the outside.

The next idea is – Hick’s law, or the Hick–Hyman law, named after British and American psychologists William Edmund Hick and Ray Hyman.

This method describes the time it takes for a person to decide as a result of the possible choices they have: increasing the number of choices will increase the decision time logarithmically.

Hick’s Law is a simple idea that says that the more choices you present your users with, the longer it will take them to reach a decision.

You can find applications of Hick’s Law everywhere, not just in web and app design. Hick’s Law determined the number of controls on your microwave or your washing machine. A design principle known as “K.I.S.S.” (“Keep It Short and Simple”) became recognized in the 1960s for its effectiveness in this regard. Echoing Hick’s Law, K.I.S.S. states that simplicity is the key for a system to work in the best way.

But remember – Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication. Leonardo da Vinci

Finally, the last idea: The OODA loop. This is the decision cycle of observe, orient, decide, and act, developed by military strategist and United States Air Force Colonel John Boyd. Boyd applied the concept to the combat operations process, often at the operational level during military campaigns. It is now also often applied to understand commercial operations and learning processes. The approach favors agility over raw power in dealing with human opponents in any endeavor.

The one thing that is really good and effective in self-defense training, close combat training, Police training and military training is this. Experience teaches the student to fly through the OODA loop while keeping the enemy in the OODA loop.

OODA stands for Observe, Orient, Decide and Act. This process is what our brain must go through during any given task. We observe that something is happening, orient towards it (figure out what it is), decide as to what we need to do and then act.

The “OODA Loop” principle was developed by Lt. Col. John Boyd for aerial combat in the Korean and Vietnam war era. John R Boyd figured this science out as a young U.S. Air Force fighter pilot. John was cocky even by fighter-pilot standards… he issued a standing challenge to anyone who dared to try to defeat him in mock aerial combat. To make it even more of a challenge for him once in the air he would start from a position of disadvantage. He bet that he’d have his jet on the challenger’s tail within 40 seconds, or he’d pay them $40. Legend has it that he never lost. His amazing ability to win any dogfight in 40 seconds or less earned him his nickname “40 Second” Boyd.

What Lt. Col. Boyd discovered was that if he could keep the opponent in the loop, and he got through OODA, he had gained a great advantage. For example, if the enemy was observing Boyd doing a roll right, by the time they had orientated to this move and could decide or act, Boyd would roll left forcing the enemy back in the OODA loop all over again.

As Boyd taught the principal to airmen to use the loop (and keep others in it) he discovered that after five rounds of actual air combat that pilot became virtually unbeatable. After five attempts they would not get caught in the loop anymore and act first and keep the initiative. He put science behind successful pilots who fought in WWI and WWII, pilots who shot down enemy aircraft were called ‘Ace’s’.

Control the loop and keep the attacker in the loop.

The OODA Loop works on us as well as the enemy. That’s why we want to trap them, by constant observation. Experience has taught us to stay orientated and block their ability to make decisions fast enough. This can be done in two ways, by verbal domination and changing channels, and having a better relative position.

By keeping a constant step ahead of the opponent, using action / reaction, by studying, analyzing, training and learning to recover from the worst situation.

Then we can still win the fight.

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