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Guns and Fire arm – Grom and KAPAP Krav Maga

Guns and Fire arm – Grom and KAPAP Krav Maga

Avi Nardia

30 years back I was asked if Guns were part of  Martial art and my answer was YES

In modern life you are more likely to face a gun than Nunchako or Tonfa in crime or terror atack. If  Kyudo a Japanese archery is a Martial art there is NOT an argue that Fire arms is  not a Martial art  and need to be study as same as knife and other subjects  if you want  to become a Martial artist and mostly  to claim to be a Self Defense teacher.

If you want to perform a Gun disarming you will need to know a thing or two about guns thing with the  mechanism of Gun  that can be very helpful  if you want to  understand it and  improve your gun disarming technique. You will need to know how to clear malfunctions because gun attacks may include more than one attacker and once you manage get the gun in your hand you want to know how to use it.

30 years ago when I was teaching Fire arm as part of  KAPAP Israeli Martial art I was attacked publicly that this training  was not the martial art, not part of Israeli Martial art etc. Today with more people understanding the need of knowledge of guns and fire arms and facing new terror attacks and different safety risks  we got into a phase of transformation of traditional concept of  Martial art that started to  change and move to a Tactical mode.

I am teaching Fire arms for years now and in the last few years I have established a cooperation  with Master Zeljko Vujcic who is a master teacher of  Fire arm in Serbia. We have students from all over the world every month  coming to GROM shooting range in Pozarevac, Serbia. Our students come from South America, Asia, Middle  East and Europe etc.

“Grom” means “Thunder”  perfectly depicting a very  active fire arm training with lots of high caliber champions and great shooters.

The word  Tactical is a very IN word  used by new students mostly  which makes me smile because cool words don’t give you skills except decorating your speech.

many times military and Special forces  I get to teach or visit  get into an argue whether this Sport we do is Real or not. there claim We shoot real people not paper dolls. One day Master Zeljko had to demonstrate with only 3 bullets. He said that bullet doesn’t carry a name like sport bullet or combat bullet. It’s only purpose is to hit  a target or human and that’s the real knowledge

I agree that in order to shoot a person  a student needs also psychological  and other trainings. In this argue I don’t think army police tactic  is fit to civilians from the law point of view as they are not going to work in a team but as ONE individual.  So all Tactical self defense programs must be adjusted for civilian use to fulfill the standard of  modern self defense and be by the law.

I want to express my gratitude to  Budo Magazine again for opening this subject. In cooperation with Budo magazine I have filmed a Fire arm Video as part of the Self defense instruction. Hereby I want to announce a new DVD coming soon by Master Zeljko Vujcic and me as a presentation of  the Gun and fire arm program that we teach at Grom in Serbia.

 

The Small Arms Survey, a research project run by a Swiss university, publishes a ranking of estimated civilian gun ownership by country.

While the survey is a trusted and widely used document, the numbers are based on averages that, in some cases — like Yemen and Switzerland — include big margins of error. With that in mind, there remains no doubt as to which country has the most guns in private hands.

  1. The U.S. has 88.8 guns for every 100 residents.

2. Yemen has 54.8 guns per 100 residents.

3. Switzerland has 45.7 guns per 100 residents.

4. Finland is 45.3 for every 100 people.

5. Serbia has 37.8 guns per 100 residents.

Israel for surprise stands at place 79

For KAPAP Krav Maga Course it is NOT mandatory to study  Fire arm  BUT for  anyone who wants to teach Self defense and combative it’s a Program offered to our students with a complete understanding of the gun law and liabilities.

 

When It come to Gun control I can agree with Clint Eastwood

 

“I have a very strict gun control policy: if there’s a gun around, I want to be in control of it. ”

Clint Eastwood

Also you can contemplate on  following  quotes :

Remember the first rule of gunfighting… ‘have a gun.’

Jeff Cooper ( From Fathers of Guns and Combatives )

 

One man with a gun can control 100 without one.

Vladimir Lenin

A gun is no more dangerous than a cricket bat in the hands of a madman.

Prince Philip

You Can Get Much Further with a Kind Word and a Gun than with a Kind Word Alone

Al Capone

 

In Modern Society a health is very important and that’s why  we also teach as part of the Martial art that  Fork disarming is a top priority for taking care of what you eat and running a healthy life style is a part of  self defense as well.

Your genetics load the gun. Your lifestyle pulls the trigger.

Mehmet Oz

InUSA drugs as medicines abuse  surpass  any  logic and some time its also part of teaching disarming not only guns

I bought a gun and chose drugs instead.

Kurt Cobain

But for some also places around the world its a way of keep your life and self defense has many faces including guns study

We are a generation of settlers, and without the steel helmet and gun barrel, we shall not be able to plant a tree or build a house.

Moshe Dayan

We hope you will enjoy the new DVD and also to see you In Serbia Grom Fire arm academy

The Armed Combat System

The armed Combat System – Courses for different Levels by Avi Nardia Certified Hand Gun , Shoot Gun , Rifle  Instructor , and Safety Range Officer by NRA

 

 Introducing ( IPSC) Instinctive point shooting combat and safety with fire arms and handling fire arms and the use of fire arms as self defense and protection 

Point Shooting is generally recognized as the skill of discharging a firearm quickly, usually a hand-gun, in self defense, with minimal or no use of the sights on the gunitis a method of shooting a firearm that relies on a shooter’s instinctive reactions and kinematices  to quickly engage close targets. This method of shooting is used in dynamic situations when there is no time to use a gunsight or in low light conditions. Point shooting does not rely on sights  , but instead may place the gun below the line of sight, but in many cases still in the field of vision. Since the sights are not employed, the shooter focuses on the target. Point shooting methods currently are often referred to as threat focusedshooting.

The purpose of theInstinctive point shooting combat training, or IPSCis not to develop marksmanship; it is not to compete with other shooters; it is not to punch holes in paper targets; and certainly is not to hunt small game. 

The purpose of the training is to enable one to quickly and effectively stop someone who is trying to make you a victim.
In short, instinctive/ Point shooting trains people to win in a life threatening situations when you need to react in a fraction of a second in order to defend your life or protect other innocent people, often referred as a self defense discipline.

The problem is that the innocent citizen or cop must wait until a predator / Terrorist makes an overt act; one cannot shoot another on mere suspicion. This places the citizen in a situation where he or she must react to another’s actions. In a gunfight the aggressor has the advantage and the defender is usually a second or two behind. Thus the citizen/defender/victim is already coming second in the contest; and there are no second place winners!

In order to win, given this terrible disadvantage, the citizen must be able to overcome this lag time with a combination of speed and accuracy. This is what we teach: speed and accuracy in an armed encounter.Instinctive/Point shooting trains you to win in a gunfight, even when the aggressor has the advantage.

There are no rules in a gunfight/knife fight and street fight that puts you in a fraction second survival chance.

There are only facts, which if understood, can give you a winning edge:

Fact:Almost all gunfights/Knife scenario fight/Assaults occur at distances of under three meters.

Fact:Most gunfights and assaults are over in two to three seconds.

Fact:A high percentage of gunfights/assaults occur in dim light or where sights are hardly visible.

Fact:In a spontaneous life-threatening situation the body undergoes changes which deteriorate fine motor skills, while vision is focused exclusively on the threat.

Conclusion:To win in a gunfight, or surviving a life threatening situation assault, requires great speed and accuracy in drawing and firing the gun at close range without the use of sights. This is sometimes called instinctive shooting or point shooting.

Violence, whether recreational or otherwise, ispart of the culture in western societies and in the new era of terrorism it knows no boundaries. Therefore, whether we like it or not, violence is going to be a feature of our lives for a long time to come. Rather than to ignore it or hide away from it, we must learn to handle it. If we wish to stay in this beautiful but troubled country we have to learn to deal with these problems. The only objective way we can live with violence is to avoid it, deflect it or reduce its impact by being prepared for it because it will not go away! This is a terrible notion for folk who just want to live in peace but one we can no longer ignore.

As usual, it is nature that holds the key. The human animal’s natural instincts, which include spontaneous reaction to sudden attack, are formidable powers which will usually ensure survival but only if harnessed correctly. In my experience there are two factors which constantly interfere with our ability to defend ourselves, inappropriate equipment and inadequate training, which have killed (and continue to kill) many “good guys”.

After many long years of involvement in personal security matters I have reached the conclusion that in order to give full reign to the natural survival instincts of the human body, equipment and training must be kept as simple as possible.

Attacks are sudden and without warning. A huge bonus during such attack is a concealed handgun capable of immediate action, one that requires no time-wasting two-handed loading operation or a frantic search for a cunningly hidden safety catch. What is needed is a handgun that can be pulled, pointed and fired repeatedly without a fuss or bother, as well as capable of being carried safely whilst in this ready mode. The training offered and the equipment recommended by IPSC–  Combat Point Shooting is calculated to keep people safe whilst at the same time impacting minimally on their daily lives.

SWORDs of Wisdom

SWORDS of Wisdom:
© Copyright 2017 Avi Nardia

 

During my last workshop I had to remind my class of the goals in Martial Arts and have since decided to share it again here in Budo Magazine.

I want to impart some new and some old advice.

 

“Pain is the best teacher, but injury is the wrong teacher.”

 

This is one reason that we advocate safe training – “Slow is Fast.”

 

When you have Martial Arts knowledge you only need to share it! We don’t need to slander and only see the mistakes of others. We just need to share our work and knowledge. “The more good that is inside you, the less bad you will see in others.”

 

“That’s like the pot calling the kettle black.”

 

“It takes one to know one.”

 

“You don’t show a fool half-work.”

 

“The hunchback sees only his companion’s hump.”

 

“Judge not that ye be not judged.”

 

‎כל הפוסל – במומו הוא פוסל (translated: “Anyone that rejects others – sees his own shortcomings in others.”)

 

אין הגמל רואה את דבשתו (translated:” “The camel does not see his own hump.”)

 

 

Now, I wish to share some old wisdom: SMARTial Arts of a great swordsman – we call it sWORDsmanship.

Yagyū Munenori was a Japanese swordsman, founder of the Edo branch of Yagyū Shinkage-ryū, which he learned from his father Yagyū ‘Sekishūsai’ Muneyoshi. This was one of two official sword styles patronized by the Tokugawa shogunate.

 

The purpose of mastering Martial Arts through training is to overcome six kinds of diseases:

  1. The desire for victory.
  2. The need to impress others.
  3. The tendency to rely on technical cunning.
  4. The desire to master the psychological aspects of your opponent.
  5. The will to wait for the opponent’s first move(s) which would expose their weaknesses.
  6. The desire to overcome all of these diseases.

 

“It is easy to kill someone with the slash of a sword, but it is hard to be impossible for others not to cut you down.”

 

“It is bias to think that the art of war is just for killing people. It is not to kill people, it is to kill evil. It is a stratagem to give life to many people by killing the evil of one person.”

 

“See first with your mind, then with your eyes, and finally with your body.”

 

“Throwing down your own sword is also an art of war. If you have attained mastery of swordlessness, you will never be without a sword. The opponent’s sword is your sword. This is acting at the vanguard of the moment.”

 

“Conquering evil, not the opponent, is the essence of swordsmanship.”

 

“There may be a hundred stances and sword positions, but you win with just one.”

 

“Once a fight has started, if you get involved in thinking about what to do, you will be cut down by your opponent with the very next blow.”

Kapap – Wikipedia

KAPAP – Israeli Krav Maga – Martial Art of the Holy Land

 

Combats and combative in the Holy land take to Bible times and first Jewish living in the Holy Land called today Israel

Jewish Combats with  Roman times and before and Greeks or Hellenes 

The Hasmoneans were the dynasty royalty Judith ruled in the land of Israel and some from the Hellenistic period in Israel , in the 2nd century BC to the first century BC .

On 29 November 1947, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine. This specified borders for new Arab and Jewish states and an area of Jerusalem which was to be administered by the UN under an international regime. The end of the British Mandate for Palestine was set for midnight on 14 May 1948

The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have historically been used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel and the entire Jewish people respectively.The name “Israel”  often interpreted as “struggle with God” in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, according to the Hebrew Bible, was given the name after he successfully wrestled with the angel of the Lord. Jacob’s twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites, also known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. Jacob and his sons had lived in Canaan but were forced by famine to go into Egypt for four generations, lasting 430 years, until Moses, a great-great grandson of Jacob, led the Israelites back into Canaan during the “Exodus”. The earliest known archaeological artifact to mention the word “Israel” is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt (dated to the late 13th century BCE).

The area is also known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity, Islam and the Bahá’í Faith. From 1920, the whole region was known as Palestine (under British Mandate) until the Israeli Declaration of Independence of 1948.Through the centuries, the territory was known by a variety of other names, including Judea, Samaria, Southern Syria, Syria Palaestina, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Iudaea Province, Coele-Syria, Djahy, and Canaan.

Kapap – Israeli Krav Maga take us to same land around the years as 1900

From First names to be on records as Self defense and Martial arts

Moshe Feldenkrais was born in the Russian Empire. In 1918, he immigrated to Palestine.He worked as a laborer and obtained his high-school diploma from Gymnasia Herzliya in 1925. After graduation, he worked as a cartographer for the British survey office and began to study self-defense, including Ju-Jitsu. A soccer injury in 1929 promoted the development of his method in later years.

During the 1930s, he lived in France where he earned his engineering degree from the École Spéciale des Travaux Publics, and later his Doctor of Science in engineering at the Sorbonne where Marie Curie was one of his teachers.[6] During this time he worked as a research assistant to nuclear chemist and Nobel Prize laureate Frédéric Joliot-Curie at the Radium Institute. In September 1933, he met Jigoro Kano, the founder of judo in Paris. Kano encouraged him to study Judo under Mikinosuke Kawaishi. Feldenkrais became a close friend of Kano and corresponded with him regularly.[7] In 1936, he earned a black belt in judo, and later gained his 2nd degree black belt in 1938. He was a co-founding member of the Ju-Jitsu Club de France, one of the oldest Judo clubs in Europe, which still exists today. Frédéric, Irène Joliot-Curie, and Bertrand Goldschmidt took Judo lessons from him during their time together at the institute.

Krav Maga as a term appears from the fisrt time in the IDF in 1948 but in IDF dictunary oon 1965 it was not difined yet and its turn used after the KAPAP to difined Hand tO Hand 

Krav Maga and Kapap are terms used interchangeably for the same body but not always same  knowlwdge (techniques and drills) in the IDF for the entire decade 1948-1958

“Judo Shimushi ” – ” Practical Judo ” (Useful/Practical/applicable – Judo) was a term also used interchangeably with Krav Maga and Kapap.

 A manual under the title of “Judo Shimushi ” Practical Judo “was published in 1947/48. The manual is dedicated to the memory of Gershon Kopler and Yehuda Markus. It attributes to them the compilation of this hand to hand combat body of knowledge, and organizing it under a methodical way of practice (I.e. systemizing it).

 This manual served as the main reference book for all Krav Maga/ Kapap courses in the school for physical training, where all hand to hand combat instructors were trained , The manual sereved as the main reference until 1960 when a hand to hand combat manual titled Krav Maga was published.

 The publication of the 1960 manual does not imply a change in the system or some revision. It is simply an indication that the name Krav Maga became the preferred term of use and that it was time to make a new manual reflecting the present state of Krav Maga or hand to hand combat in the IDF.

Kapap was developed in Mandatory Palestine by a group of instructors during the 1930’s and 1940’s. the main body of it was organized and taught . Kapap and KM are one and the same until at least 1958

 The hand to hand combat curriculum  was adopted in the most part from that practiced in the Palmach.

Hand to hand combat (Kapap) is a concept inclusive which first appeared among the defense forces of the Jewish community that is protection in 1940 and refers to the total subjects fighting with bare hands and weapons cold Bhtiitm combat – military, we had an application that is not sporty. Occupation This fighting is called Kappa “P. marked change in the attitude of the Haganah and beyond conception defensive as reflected in the concept of sports protective, aggressive approach. Sports Star of pre-term Kapap and was used during the second half of the 30s of the 20th century. It is difficult to value the term Kapap system as we understand it today methods of combat and certainly not to read historical Kapap martial art in the modern sense of this concept

Kapap formed professional practice guideline approach contained therein. These subjects were studied individually and together as a system integrated. This approach continued into the IDF in the 50s and was the basis of the method now called Krav Maga. The concept of Krav Maga and Kapap were used in parallel with respect to this profession in the IDF until the end of the fifties. Unlike methods of fighting and martial arts these days before the State did not have a headboard and a leading figure not one. Contents learned edited by teachers and counselors lead all professionals and have been prepared and developed over the years as a result of preoccupation with them. Total practical and methodological knowledge called Kapap and practice of systematically done during the 30s and 40s of the 20th century, especially in the Palmach and the IDF a decade later after the establishment of the State of Israel.

Although there is no way to apply Kapap an organizational structure similar to that practiced methods is now possible to identify key figures in various positions that led to the development of this area . Areas of activity encompass : practical training , content authoring and development of training methods , research didactic , management courses and training facilities , the creation of training facilities and training . discipline taught as part of Kapap : boxing , jujutsu ( judo acts ) , a knife , short stick ( those ) stick length ( in fact called ‘ stick trip or Indian method , and was based on French – British incarnation of the latter method Kana – French , without the knowledge of local guides ) , stone throwing and javelin ( Spear )

Modern Kapap is based on the principle of fighting Kapap historical and military incarnation and who for training Fighting face to face with their bare hands and using only basic tools. Kapap there are a number of approaches and to adapt it to the needs of each one: a man security forces, security guard person on the street and so on.

Before the state was Kapap teach youth movements in frames pre-military training and as part of the incentive to raise Haganah and Palmach.

Today Kapap with a stick taught amateur (non-professional), mountaineering camp of Working and Studying Youth, Education as a method for connecting members layer G motion connection between tradition and youth national protective agencies, past and present (IDF), and as a kind of ” reconstruction “of past youth

Key figures – First developers on the 1930 : Gershon Kofler , Yitzhak Stiebel , live Heinrich Cohen Emanuel Gil , Kurt Benjamin .

1940 added : Moshele Horowitz , Yehuda Marcus , Joshua Globerman , Akiva Atzmon , Amos Golani , Musa glow Finkel , Raphael Atlas .

Other prominent directories : Joe dove , heartfelt Solomon , Avraham Adan , Micha Perry , Uzi Nemirovsky , Paul Beaver , Imi Lichtenfeld , Giora Shanan , open Zaid , David Levy .

Moshe Feldenkriez RIP been also from first Israeli Martial Artist and post books and as Avi Nardia reserch KAPAP and visted in Mishel Horovitz RIP home in Heftziva Kibutz he was handed by Mishel Horovitz that was head Instructor for KAPAP to the Palmah in old days KAPAP and he show Avi Nardia few Manuel Books he used and than Been in used and Including the bok by Moshe Feldenkries Practical Unarmed combat and some how many forget to mention the name Moshe Feldenkries but reserch show he was a greta contributer to Israeli Martial Arts old days and modern days.as he said in his intervew many start training Jiujutsu and the guys that been hero just died during the combats as Gerson Kupler whom train 23 young team to go Lebanon for some comando attack and all lost including Gerson Kuppler RIP which was from Main KAPAP instructors in old days and form the words of Arie Tepler as been his student say for Gerson Kupler – I knew Only one brave guy name Gerson Kupler RIP , he was Sport and drill sargent in Austrian army before he immigrant to Israel and bring with him the knowlage for KAPAP as base for the Krav Maga in Hagana training he teach also walk on ropes and military wrestling 

Some of Moshe Feldenkrize steps in Martial art and self defense

1918- at the age 0f 14 immigrant to Israel and lived for 6 month

1921- at age 17 start study Jiujutsu

1920 – 1930 Been part of Hagana on combats against Arabs

1928 Developing Self Defense system 

1930 Publish Jiujutsu and Self Defense book

1932 Open Judo Club in France 

1933 Meeting Gigaro Kano Judo Founder in Franceand start study Judo

1934 Publish in France language the Book Self Defense 

1938 Publish Judo Book A.B.C Du Judo

1940 Escap from France to England and Start tecah in there Judo. 

1941 Publish Judo – The Art of Defense and Attack

1942 Publish book – Practical Unarmed Combat

1946 teach team from Israel that come to UK study with him from Hagana 

1948 Partner of opening Europe Judo Federation and voted to manager it

1952 publish Higher Judo book

History 

Occupational battle face – to-face ancient roots among all peoples as did the Jewish people . Since the beginning of the new settlement in Palestine , at the end of the 19th century , Jewish settlers took defensive skills to attack Arabs .

Parallel to the development of the community and its various defense forces , evolved combat Occupational face – to-face . Practice it received a significant boost during the 30s of the 20th century , in the ” operating companies ” , a paramilitary arm of the World . Although this body does not belong to defense , actually is his command of David Ben – Gurion, Histadrut and senior Haganah . Can be attributed to the Great Arab Revolt decisive influence on professional development for face – to-face serve as a catalyst to formulate a defense force military community and offensive approach in fighting different defense policy of restraint for most of the 30s .

Establishment of the Palmach mobilized military arm of the defense was another stage in the evolution of Kapap. As part of this body were concentrated in the best guides combat professions face-to-face rows of defense and youth movements in Palestine, particularly “youth worker” and Hamahanot immigrants “.

Although the term Kapap first appeared in 1940, many of its contents were processed in the 30s in the “operating companies”, especially in boxing and jujutsu. Practice javelin received a boost during the Great Arab Revolt and established a special frameworks, such as police communities notarot Hebrews and the special night squads under the command of Orde Wingate. however short stick fighting method developed in the framework of the “immigrant camps”.

1941 is a key year in the development of Kapap . In January – February 1941 Kapap course is defending commanders and May of that year immediately after the establishment of the Palmach Kapap instructors course is this framework . Both of these courses are used in line and how to transfer content and promote the integration of subjects across the Haganah . Activity Hhg”m and Youth Corps helped this trend of assimilation and distribution of Kapap spread among youth in the community . Throughout the 40s held training courses and training Kapap very large scale . In the second half Kapap training to expand beyond the borders of the land surrounding them with the Cyprus detention camps and displaced persons camps in Europe .

With the establishment of the state , and the establishment of the IDF infrastructure protection organization has led occupation Kapap field of responsibility of physical training service under the command of Moshe Finkel glow . The service industry has become a physical training exercise at the beginning of the 50s of the 20th century and treated Kapap development , training manuals IDF troops and supervision of their work . During the ’50s , penetrating new concept using professional attitude combat and combat . At the end of a decade that is used to define these two concepts completely disappeared field use of the term Kapap .

on 2000 after No one used the turm KAPAP any more in Israel or out side Avi Nardia setting new self defense program to Top Israeli Counter Terror unit as the unit official instructor and as the unit recruit him to set new Hand to hand combative program and since his father Josef Nardia RIP been form first Israeli Paratroopers on 1950 and carry red wings from the only that allowed and all the history he studied from his father including the Old Judo styel tecah as under name ” Judo Shimushi ” Practical Judo and KAPAP Avi decide as respect and memory to all instructors that never been mention before in any Israeli Martial art web to memory them and call the new system KAPAP Israeli Krav Maga and he first reserch and bring the names first time to be heard as KAPAP and as all old days instructors and he meet Mishel Horovitz and hand him the new KAPAP Books and DVD in his home as close circle and honor to the old guys that almost all Israeli Martial art web site forgot and never mention in any web.

he biuld the KAPAP Federation on 2001 and start spread the system out side of Israel and later as from one school tecahing KAPAP its become like grass after rain…new schools and organiztions that Buy the dvd and books and ” Found KAPAP he decide to set all training under his name as he said hope no one can claim he is now the real Avi Nardia …and he teach Under Avi Nardia Academy KAPAP Israeli Krav Maga as also diferent traditional martial arts as Kendo Iaido Jido Judo Kenjutsu Aiki Kenpo Jujutsu BJJ under Machado RCJ as he said Im good Krav Maga instructor because my martial arts knowlage not because I was in Army.

today the KAPAP is world wide system

Build your Armor – Mind Body Spirit

Build your Armor – Mind Body Spirit
© Copyright Avi Nardia, Aleks Nardia, Christopher Shabazz

 

Your armor will not defend you from the fear in your heart – Avi Nardia

 

“you’re only as old as your spine” Chinese proverb

 

Mens sana in corporesano

is a Latin phrase, usually translated as “a healthy mind in a healthy body”. The phrase is widely used in sporting and educational contexts to express the theory that physical exercise is an important or essential part of mental and psychological well-being.The phrase comes from Satire X of the Roman poet Juvenal

 

Mobility essential in Martial art

“We see in order to move; we move in order to see.”  ― William Gibson

“Nothing happens until something moves.” ― Albert Einstein

 

During one of my visits to Israel, I handed Mishel Horovitz  RIP ( the head Instructor for KAPAP at Palmach days and developer of the Stick fighting for KAPAP at the old days )  the KAPAP Krav Maga book written by me and published by Budo International Magazine, as well as a set of the KAPAP DVD published by Budo. As I was looking at some old pictures and manual books he had, I noticed one particular book called Practical Unarmed Combat – Moshe Feldenkrais 1942. This name took me back to my childhood memories and reminded me of one of the great pillars of Israeli Martial arts… a name you need to research. I remembered from my early age all the Judo and self defense books I used to read which were written by Moshe, as well as how he used to teach his fitness style at the time and how he became known for teaching the Israeli Prime Minister to stand on his head.

 

Moshe FeldenkraisThe only thing permanent about our behavior patterns is our belief that they are so.

 

Moshé Pinchas Feldenkrais was an Israeli engineer and physicist and the founder of the Feldenkrais Method,which claims to improve human functioning by increasing self-awareness through movement.

Feldenkrais’ theory is that “thought, feeling, perception and movement are closely interrelated and influence each other.” He was a scientist-clinician and among the greatest thinkers of the 20th Century on how to improve movement and function. He was far ahead of his time in understanding that the brain can change itself.

Throughout his life, he developed  a revolutionary method to improve skill and well-being, making the impossible possible.

 

Feldenkrais had a scientific mind that pushed  Japanese jujitsu which had exploded as an international phenomenon in the early 1900s. Feldenkrais learned jujitsu techniques for real life application in the street.  He published a book on Jujitsu that was based on what he had learned fighting and teaching others and was intended as a training tool for the Haganah, or Jewish defense forces. Much of his work was incorporated into the system that became known as KAPAP – Krav Maga today for sure. He was trained by the First Judo Black Belts and trained in the First Judo clubs in Paris, France

His ideas  and principles were based on “maximum efficiency with minimum effort” to everyone.

Throughout the years, I got involved with Brazilian Jiujutsu and started follow Ginastica Natural and Bio Ginastica by Prof. Orlando Cani, while I was student of Machado RCJ under Professor John Machado. This whole natural Body movement reminded me of my childhood and the days that I was teaching in Tel Aviv University. I was doing some warm up flows based on Bio Ginastica and another professor of the Feldenkrais method asked me if I teach Feldenkrais, which made me smile. No, I wasn’t teaching the Feldenkrais Method, but understanding body movement is common to all humans, isn’t it? When I visited India, I met a Yoga teacher that had done similar movements and when I went back to my BJJ class and asked Machado, he smiled and said yes, he knew the Yoga movements. During my most recent visit to Professor Machado’s school, I conducted a demo with a very talented student and martial art teacher, Ken Akiyama Sensei. His movement evolved into a new era and made me proud to see how his movement continues to develop and progress and how talented he is from the level I taught him and what he had made from that.

This helped me set a few principles on how we see movements  in KAPAP Krav Maga:

PRACTICAL – actually useful. Movement needs be helpful in everyday

life. From getting up in the Morning to fleeing from danger, our movements need to be based on need.

ADAPTABLE – Movement depends on context.  Based on specific and ever changing environments and situations and learning to adapt.

EFFICIENT –  efficiency and skillful performance while following the safety first safety last rule.

VITAL

The movements help keep us safe. They are useful in times of emergency.

INSTINCTUAL

Movement is instinctual, in contrast to Technique, which is not. Study  technique to turn instinct into ability.

COOPERATIVE

Study the Values and Morals and social skills lead to great friendship and community , work in a group to accomplish what no individual is capable of. Practice can be done alone or with group.

ENVIRONMENTAL practice both outdoors and indoors in order to maximize health benefits and increase well-being and connection with nature and healthy lifestyle.

EVOLUTIONARY   human  move has not changed. Our health is tied to moving as we, the human species, always has..

UNIVERSAL Movement is common to all human beings, regardless of origin, gender or age.

 

If you Practice Yoga once a week you will change your Mind

If you Practice Yoga twice a week you will change your Body

If you Practice Yoga every day you will change your Life

 

Any Yoga is Better than No Yoga

Yoga is a group of physicalmental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India– Any Traditional  Martial Arts will teach the same — Yoga and art of Mobility is Part of Any Traditional Martial arts from Breathing – Sprit To Mind and Body .

We need more resolute, not excuse – Avi Nardia

 

Avi Nardia Academy – www.avinardia.com       www.avinardiablog.com

MILITARY GAMES – MIND GAMES AND HOW TO SURVIVE

MILITARY GAMES – MIND GAMES AND HOW TO SURVIVE
© Copyright Avi Nardia

SIMPLICITY  is the ultimate sophistication
-Leonardo da Vinci

 

No Groin no Krav Maga – No Brain No KAPAP

The brain is the strongest muscle in the body

Military Games – The goal is to hit you both emotionally and physically and to break your spirit and split you, individually or as a team – Your goal is to resist and keep ” one for all and all for one”and not allow your body, mind and spirit to be split and to remain and as group – “You can kill me but never defeat me”Motto of Mental training in Boot camp and Military games – Our Martial Art teaches team building and  FRIENDSHIP as well as skills; students understand that the instructors are there to make them strong, not make them fail, they are able to adapt their thinking. When given a task that seems impossible, the students learn that they must improvise to find a solution, and overcome all the barriers in order to complete their task.

Philosophy shared by  warriors. 

1.“The more you sweat in times of peace, the less you bleed in times of war”.

  1. A mindset of confidence.
  2. Set small goals throughout the day.
  3. You will always face a consequence for not hitting a goal.
  4. Train when you don’t feel like it.

 

Tips to build mental toughness, the body strength comes later:

  1. Focus on yourself first.

Self-awareness  build  “unbeatable mind.” It’s best to avoid making the same mistakes over and over

A journal – track your acheivements

  1. Figure out your purpose – Integrated training Martial arts sports, free diving and breathing training

 

The brain is the strongest muscle in the body – Train your mental endurance

Emergency Conditioning (EC): Make the Unknown Familiar

Using visualization techniques, practice what is known as emergency conditioning (EC). This means conditioning the mind in advance of emergencies, thus producing psychological strength in times of crisis. This is also referred to as “battle-proofing” or “battle inoculation” by military personnel

If the brain imagines something in deep and vivid detail, it will become part of a person’s “experience files.” This visualization exercise will actually fool the brain into believing that you have already experienced this event. This internal battle-proofing gives you an incredible advantage.

Create a Trigger– that makes you want to live, no matter what comes your way.

Situational Awareness

In military-speak, situational awareness is defined as the ability to identify, process, and comprehend the critical elements of information about what is happening to the team with regard to a mission

Situational Awareness Checklist

  • Try to guess what individuals around you are thinking or doing.
  • Look for odd behavior or things that seem out of place.
  • Determine where you’d go if you had to seek immediate cover from an explosion or gunshots.
  • Find the two closest exits.
  • Determine whether someone is following you or taking an unusual interest in you.

 

“The harder, the more miserable, and crazy it becomes, the stronger I get. No matter what happens, I’m getting stronger, not weaker.”

 

6  Mental Toughness Techniques for mental endurance                                                                                                                                                                          

Technique #1: 1. “Eat the Elephant”–Don’t Build Rome, Build One Single Home

One bite at a time. A solution in segmentation. Slowly divide the elephant into neatly digestible parts Application: Break down any daunting task into immediate, bite-sized objectives. Focus only on completing one at a time. Avoid considering the whole.

Technique #2: “Visualize Success”–Rehearse in Your Head

In a certain study, basketball players improved their free throw accuracy by 23% from just visualizing the free throws. Players who practiced actual free throws only improved by 24%. That’s a mere 1% difference.

Good visualizations have the following qualities:

  • Vivid and detailed.Engage all the senses. Imagine the particulars. Make it as real as possible.
  • Run the play-by-play over and over in your head. Make it automatic.
  • Positive Imagery.Do notenvision yourself failing. Instead, repeatedly envision yourself in a state of effortless success.
  • Imagine Consequences.If your fortitude wanes, imagine the consequences of failure. See the faces of your friends and family when they hear the news. Envision the pain of personal embarrassment.

 

Technique #3: “Emotional Control”–Witnessing Your Anxiety

In times of great stress, a rush of our body’s main stress hormones — adrenaline, cortisol, and norepinephrine — can give us a boost of energy and focus.

However, when these hormones stay elevated for long periods, we cannot switch to relaxation mode. We have trouble sleeping, motivation decreases and immune function takes a serious hit.

simple solution is something called the 4 by 4 for 4:

  1. Breathe in for 4 seconds
  2. Breathe out for 4 seconds
  3. Repeat for 4 minutes

 

Use simple breathing exercises to switch off your stress hormones and prep the body for relaxation.

Technique #4: “Nonreactivity”–Reframing the Moment

“Men are disturbed not by things, but the view they take of them.” — Epictetus

We can’t control what happens in our outside world, but we can control our interpretation of it.

Try to reframe any negative views into more positive ones. See “bad” events as a challenge for you to go out there and improve yourself.

 

Technique #5: “Small Victories”–Celebrate the Tiny Things

 

What should you do when nothing is going right and everything is going wrong?

Try to think smaller.

Small victories keep morale high. And high morale feeds forward into more high morale. It creates a virtuous circle of positivity for doing good work.

Technique #6: Find Your Tribe (and Necessity)Nobody Wins Alone

 

Humans don’t mind hardship, in fact they thrive on it; what they mind is not feeling necessary. Modern society has perfected the art of making people not feel necessary. It’s time for that to end.”

We humans are social creatures. And we crave meaning in a world that sometimes seems all too meaningless.

Find both — close friends and close principles — and you have a hotbed for mental resilience.

You’ve got the tools. All that’s left is to apply.

Mindset Training – Motivational Secrets

 

Mindset Training Plan in 3-D: Define It, Divide It, Do It Daily

 

Mindset Training requires thinking in three dimensions, and it’s not about creating a perfect plan, because there is no such thing. It’s about creating a plan to succeed no matter what obstacles you encounter:

 

 

Think Like an Elite Warrior

“Think like an Elite Warrior to Lead and Succeed.”

We are all leaders and followers – leading our family, our corporate tribe or ourselves. Whether we do it well is another issue. To think like an elite warrior means to train your body-mind to be able to excel in an environment that is volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous.

Master the  “VUCA” environments. VUCA is an acronym—first used in 1987—to describe or to reflect on the  volatility, uncertaintycomplexity and ambiguity of general conditions and situations. The deeper meaning of each element of VUCA serves to enhance the strategic significance of VUCA foresight and insight as well as the behaviour of groups and individuals in organizations.It discusses systemic failuresand behavioral failureswhich are characteristic of organizational failure.The business world is becoming a lot like the battlefield of the Spec Ops warrior. If the corporate and entrepreneurial leader can learn to find clarity amidst the uncertainty and take powerful action in spite of ambiguity, then they will lead and succeed at an elite level.

Remember and follow to start – the basic 6 at your First Boot Camp

  1. Positive self-talk.
  2. A “Why” or purpose.
  3. Focus on the immediate threat.
  4. Breathe.
  5. Visualize success.
  6. Quitting is not an option.

 

Dilemmas in the CQB / CQC  – “How Close is Too Close?”

Dilemmas in the CQB / CQC  – “How Close is Too Close?”
© Copyright Avi Nardia

 

 

Tueller Drill  –  OODA Loop and  Hick–Hyman law

 

The Japanese have a saying – Even Monkeys Fall from Trees!

サルも木きから落おちる (saru mo ki kara ochiru, rare) – even experts occasionally make mistakes.

From early slogan of Kapap – Noah’s Ark was built by amateurs, while The Titanic constructed by Experts. That is why it is ‘Better to be students of reality, rather than Masters of illusion.

Each day we study something new, we can judge videos of Bruce Lee today, but we need to remember the time it was made, it was the best new knowledge at the time.

Over time things evolve and progress, we can’t look with today’s knowledge into the old, we need to look as studies progress and always remember than even monkeys fall from trees.

 

Tueller Drill is a self-defense training exercise to prepare against a short-range knife attack when armed only with a holstered handgun.

Sergeant Dennis Tueller, of the Salt Lake City, Utah Police Department experimented on how quickly an attacker with a knife could cover 21 feet (6.4 m), so he timed volunteers as they raced to stab the target. He determined that it could be done in 1.5 seconds. These results were first published as an article in SWAT magazine in 1983 and in a police training video by the same title, “How Close is Too Close?”

A defender with a gun has a dilemma. If he shoots too early, he risks being accused of murder. If he waits until the attacker is definitely within striking range so there is no question about motives, he risks injury and even death. The Tueller experiments quantified a “danger zone” where an attacker presented a clear threat.

 

  • An armed (edged or blunt weapon) suspect can cross 21 feet in about 1.5 seconds
  • An officer may draw from the holster and fire 2 rounds in 1 – 1.5 seconds
  • Those first rounds may not stop the threat

 

Teller’s drill is the foundation for some of today’s action/reaction time research, which should be correctly applied to train officers to increase distance (when possible) in myriad situations. The distance increase is likely beyond what officers may have originally felt was sufficient.

Submitted as evidence are the following suspect-movement time studies:

  • Study illustrates that seated suspects can cross five feet at an average of 1.3 seconds
  • Study shows standing suspects can cross six feet at an average of 1.1 seconds
  • Study shows standing suspects can cross 25 feet at an average of 1.6 seconds

 

The Tueller Rule as deadly 21 feet Zone giving martial artists a tricky problem dealing with the short distance – we all know the best defense is run a way, but what if you can’t run away, your locked into a situation and can’t escape.

I want KAPAP Krav Maga to lead the way in dealing with the issue of close distance, and create the best concepts in close quarter conflict. Krav means close quarter in Hebrew and Maga means – touch as combat touch.

Working with the Grom shooting team and Master Željko Vujčić, we have made a new DVD for Budo Magazine, ‘Self Defense with Guns’. The DVD is purely about guns, it covers empty hand working with NO time for reaction.

To make sure we all understand the problem and find better solutions (as the market is loaded with instructors selling fear, picking fault and not offering solutions – we have all been aware of the problems for many years, but can’t guarantee the best solutions as they are complex problems. We can buy many things but not time).

The 21 feet measurement is a deadly zone, even if we double the distance and make it 42 feet (12.8 metres). Most people think that doubling the distance means doubling the time.

BUT, it’s not as straight forward as it seems. In the first 21 feet, the attacker goes from zero to maximum speed. The next 21 feet the attacker has accelerated their speed and reaching that distance only takes 2 seconds. This shows us how the problem of short distance can be, and how we lose time for good reaction.

Let us add into it – Exsanguination this is the loss of blood to a degree sufficient to cause death.  It is most commonly known as “bleeding to death.” These words ‘bleed to death’ create more issues.

It can take between 6-14 seconds to bleed out depending on the injuries sustained. This means even if you shoot someone they can still run long enough to reach and stab you.

The Tuller drill can be applied to knife fighting too. Over the years I have watch Kali and Hubud drills, when I watch this reminds me that these are just DRILLS. They are too choreographed to work in real life.

Why? Because you don’t want to be working the same distance as your attacker. If you can cut them, they can cut you. One of my first KAPAP slogans used was: “Even a dead man can kill you”.

Based on this concept we take the risk away first, by attacking the hand of the assailant nullifying the threat. I have watched too many instructors filled with ego, teaching students to cut to the neck, rather than the hand.

This brings us back into shooting different ideas with the Mozambique Drill also known as the Failure Drill or Failure to Stop Drill, or informally, “two to the body, one to the head. We recommend using the death triangle, aiming between the eyes and mouth. But continue shooting until the threat has been neutralized. We talk on Stop Power and what’s called “Pocket shooting ” example as break hip be stop power , Ammo and velocity gun caliber all play in stop power as so drugs and others factors on object.

It’s important to note when hand to hand training, remember that just because you’re not bleeding on the outside doesn’t mean you’re not bleeding. Internal bleeding can be tricky, hard to detect and may show up only as bruising or swelling, if it shows up at all. However, internal bleeding can be extremely serious, especially bleeding from major arteries. You can bleed into your chest or abdominal cavity and die without ever showing a single drop of blood on the outside.

The next idea is – Hick’s law, or the Hick–Hyman law, named after British and American psychologists William Edmund Hick and Ray Hyman.

This method describes the time it takes for a person to decide as a result of the possible choices they have: increasing the number of choices will increase the decision time logarithmically.

Hick’s Law is a simple idea that says that the more choices you present your users with, the longer it will take them to reach a decision.

 

You can find applications of Hick’s Law everywhere, not just in web and app design. Hick’s Law determined the number of controls on your microwave or your washing machine. A design principle known as “K.I.S.S.” (“Keep It Short and Simple”) became recognized in the 1960s for its effectiveness in this regard. Echoing Hick’s Law, K.I.S.S. states that simplicity is the key for a system to work in the best way.

But remember – Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication. Leonardo da Vinci

 

Finally, the last idea: The OODA loop. This is the decision cycle of observe, orient, decide, and act, developed by military strategist and United States Air Force Colonel John Boyd. Boyd applied the concept to the combat operations process, often at the operational level during military campaigns. It is now also often applied to understand commercial operations and learning processes. The approach favors agility over raw power in dealing with human opponents in any endeavor.

The one thing that is really good and effective in self-defense training, close combat training, Police training and military training is this. Experience teaches the student to fly through the OODA loop while keeping the enemy in the OODA loop.

OODA stands for Observe, Orient, Decide and Act. This process is what our brain must go through during any given task. We observe that something is happening, orient towards it (figure out what it is), decide as to what we need to do and then act.

 

The “OODA Loop” principle was developed by Lt. Col. John Boyd for aerial combat in the Korean and Vietnam war era. John R Boyd figured this science out as a young U.S. Air Force fighter pilot. John was cocky even by fighter-pilot standards… he issued a standing challenge to anyone who dared to try to defeat him in mock aerial combat. To make it even more of a challenge for him once in the air he would start from a position of disadvantage. He bet that he’d have his jet on the challenger’s tail within 40 seconds, or he’d pay them $40. Legend has it that he never lost. His amazing ability to win any dogfight in 40 seconds or less earned him his nickname “40 Second” Boyd.

 

What Lt. Col. Boyd discovered was that if he could keep the opponent in the loop, and he got through OODA, he had gained a great advantage. For example, if the enemy was observing Boyd doing a roll right, by the time they had orientated to this move and could decide or act, Boyd would roll left forcing the enemy back in the OODA loop all over again.

 

As Boyd taught the principal to airmen to use the loop (and keep others in it) he discovered that after five rounds of actual air combat that pilot became virtually unbeatable. After five attempts they would not get caught in the loop anymore and act first and keep the initiative. He put science behind successful pilots who fought in WWI and WWII, pilots who shot down enemy aircraft were called ‘Ace’s’.

 

Control the loop and keep the attacker in the loop.

 

The OODA Loop works on us as well as the enemy. That’s why we want to trap them, by constant observation. Experience has taught us to stay orientated and block their ability to make decisions fast enough. This can be done in two ways, by verbal domination and changing channels, and having a better relative position.

By keeping a constant step ahead of the opponent, using action / reaction, by studying, analyzing, training and learning to recover from the worst situation.

Then we can still win the fight.

 

Join Our Academy – www.avinardia.com                 www.avinardiablog.com

Introduction to Close Quarters Battle (CQB)

Introduction to Close Quarters Battle (CQB)
© Copyright Avi Nardia

 

 

CQB can be described as combat taking place within buildings, cars, hallways, stairwells, rooms, enclosures, and other constricted spaces. Although CQB training first started with military and law enforcement personnel, it is now being taught to security unit personnel and civilians. CQB is important to security forces because the techniques associated with CQB serve as the foundation for recapture tactics. As a result, security units and their personnel must have the ability to respond to a “worst case scenario” by recapturing the asset that it is protecting.

CQB can involve – individually or collectively, hand-to-hand combat, weapons, and more. As a result, we need to be proficient with every move. For instance, with hand-to-hand combat we cannot assume that the enemy will freeze up when we engage him. We need to think that he will counter our moves so we need to consider this and be ready for it in the fight – whether it is with a firearm or with a knife. That is why in Kapap we include these elements as a part of the hand-to-hand combat program.

 

Violent Confrontation

This term is used to describe a meeting of two or more combatants (even if one or more is passive) where there is the potential for or actual use of extreme destructive force. This type of confrontation usually occurs at close range in a short amount of time.

 

The SOP 9 Study

This study was conducted in New York and examined every shot fired in the line of duty by law enforcement officials during the course of one year. Out of a total of 2,047 shots fired that year only 217 actually hit their intended targets and only 10 percent of these shots hit vital organs. During interviews with the officers involved in these shootings the majority of them commented that they never even acquired their front sights when they engaged their target. Additionally, these officers also experienced some or all of the following:The confrontations took place at the range of ten feet or less with duration of less than four seconds. During this time, fewer than five rounds were fired.

* The typical response was from the holster.

* A sudden feeling of shock and surprise overwhelmed the officers.

The end result of this study showed that the police officers were NOT trained properly enough to handle these of life and death situations. Now, can you imagine what it would be like for a civilian who has even less training than these officers? That is why, for civilians, realistic training is needed and should be conducted by experienced firearms instructors.

 

THINGS TO CONSIDER:

Psychological Aspects : Under severe stress, the normal mental processes become extremely difficult and the mind resorts to its most basic processes.

The following are examples of psychological effects you may experience during a combat situation or any other high stress situation:

1. Tunnel vision: Under extreme stress your attention will primarily be focused on the greatest threat and, as a result, you will have a temporary loss of peripheral vision.

2. Auditory Exclusion: As with tunnel vision, you will focus on the greatest threat and will have the inability to hear for a period of time. For instance, you will probably not hear anyone shouting at you.

3. Electro Dermal Stimulation: A reaction of the skin that makes the hair stand up on the arms and the back of neck.

4. Time/Space Compression: There will be a slow down in the perceived passage of time and a shift in perceived spatial relationship in times of high stress. This is caused by the inability to judge speed and distance and accurately balance the two. Also, you may experience a slowing down of time. In other words, everybody will seem to move in slow motion.

5. Mental Track: In most high stress situations, to include life and death situations, a person’s ability to keep track of the details of the situation taking place around him becomes nearly impossible. In most police shootings, a police officer being debriefed after an engagement does not usually remember how many rounds that he fired. This can happen even in training. Therefore, as a shooter, you must learn to beware of the number of rounds you fired so the weapon does not run completely dry in the middle of a firefight. This concept of awareness not only applies to a shooting situation, but also applies to hand-to-hand combat and edged weapons.

 

Physiological Aspects: Regardless of how much training an individual has certain studies, along with the SOP 9 study; show that during a combat situation, one or more physical changes take place in an individual’s body. That is why proper training is necessary to help minimize certain aspects.

The following are examples of physiological effects you may experience during a combat situation or any other high stress situation:

1. Pulse and Breathing: In any excitable situation, pulse and breathing will always be affected. Your heart rate increases and your breathing becomes rapid and shallow.

2. Adrenaline: This is nothing more than a hormone that stimulates involuntary nerve action. The amount of stress you are placed under will depend on the amount of adrenaline released into the system. When adrenaline is released into the body, it stimulates the muscles. This causes them to tighten. Depending on the individual and the situation, this is more than adequate to affect an individual’s shooting position or fighting position.

3. Coordination and Reflexes: Under any type of stress hand and eye coordination degrade severely, especially the coordination of the hand and fingers.

 

The Chemical Cocktail

The reactions just discussed are the result of the body’s survival response to a potentially lethal situation. When suddenly placed in a life-threatening situation, the body will dump the below listed chemicals into the bloodstream and mix with sodium. This “chemical cocktail” creates an imbalance characterized by general muscle tightening and loss of fine motor skills. This chemical cocktail includes:

1. Epinephrine: An adrenal hormone that stimulates automatic nerve action (fight).

2. Nor – Epinephrine: A hormone that is formed naturally in the body’s nerve endings during times of fear (flight).

3. Cortazol: A crystalline hormone released to the body’s nerve endings during times of fear (fight).

The body’s reaction : The body’s response to this imbalance by releasing potassium to counteract the effects of the sodium. However, this process takes time and slows our ability to react. As a result, we must always seek to minimize the impact that this chemical cocktail has on us in order to improve our reaction times. We can do this by training to maintain the proper “mindset”.

Mindset is a term used to describe an individual’s state of mental readiness to act or react to a stimulus in our environment that ensures survival. This proper combat mindset is neither learned nor can it be taught, it must be developed from within. The tools you need for proper combat mindset can only be exposed in a schoolhouse environment to help you to develop yourself.

 

The Breakdown of the Mind:

Conscious Mind: The conscious mind is the thinking part of the mind. It takes seconds to make decisions when using this part of the brain. In any type of combat situation the conscious mind’s decision making process is too slow to keep you alive. The conscious mind is a hindrance causing you to have to react to every situation instead of acting.

Sub-Conscious Mind: Reacts to situations. This part of the mind works in quarter seconds, which is much faster than the conscious mind. It has to be trained in order for it to work properly.

When training, the skills being learned need not only to be simple, but sound and effective. The sub-conscious mind is only developed through proper repetition (muscle memory) in training.

You must strive for perfection each and every repetition.

If you train poorly, or if the training is too complicated or too detailed, when the sub-conscious mind takes over it will not be able to respond properly to the situation. What occurs is the conscious mind identifies the situation, realizes it cannot handle it, and then turns it over to the sub-conscious mind to react. That is why we say that in any type of combat situation a person must rely on his training in order to survive.

 

The Optimum Combat Mindset:

Optimum combat mindset is the state of mind where you have prepared yourself mentally (both consciously and sub consciously), physically, emotionally, tactically, and technically to endure the rigors of combat for prolonged periods of time and under extremely adverse conditions, and still remain effective.

 

Developing a Combat Mindset:

Like the body the mind needs to be conditioned to respond or function properly in combat. When faced with a combat situation you want your mind to be free of distractions so that all of your focus is on the mission at hand – such as getting out of a situation and if it’s at the killing zone, killing the enemy and surviving the encounter). You need to be mentally prepared for death and injury and you need to go into the fight prepared for the worst. For instance, if you find yourself in a knife fight you should expect to get cut or if you go into a shooting you should expect to get shot.

Remember, response time is a critical factor in surviving a violent confrontation in a CQB environment. Do not waste time analyzing and second-guessing in an attempt to make the best possible decision. The time that is saved in the thought process will in turn save your life as you fight to end the fight.

One of the most Important things to remember is do not forget the One plus rule – if you get into a fight hand to hand think he could have a knife ,if he has a knife he could have another one or a gun All the time keep alert and one step ahead!

Gross motor skills Fine Motor Skills and complex motor skills are part of the combat and the stress effect it in different ways we need to ready as set training to face reality and stress effecting 

Make KAPAP Combatives rules and “S-words of Wisdom” as a way of life

The first rule is that there are no rules….

 

KAPAP Combatives “S-words Of Wisdom”

Kapap – Martial arts that teach Traditional – Cultural – Contemporary Research and Explore study Personal – teaching evaluation of techniques with no conflicts

Most People like talk, we like to do!

Fearlessness and Determination are the key to the fighting Spirit, the key to winnning the fight!

“Israeli martial arts and CQB, a concept before it was a martial art”

“Always a student, sometimes a teacher”

“Better a student of reality than a master of illusion”

“Any weapon – one mind“

” be the weapon ” your self make yourself the  first weapon- than any weapon you carry be more effective – do not depend on weapon only 

“Edged weapons do not run out of ammunition and they not jam much as can also changing angels of attack ” thats what make them more risk to disarm than gun 

“If you fight an edged weapon assume that you may get cut if you fight a gun assume you get shoot – now see all from damage control concept and assume that make sure its not vital areas as set them on priority  in your defense 

“There are two kinds of fights: for your ego or for your life. Kapap is for the fight for your life”

KAPAP agenda – we look for quality not quantity!YOU buy your certificate with hard of and write it with special ink made from blood tears and sweat 

Because of the experience – no one can fight with experience. Find a good teacher!

Kapap-Krav Panim El Panim – The next step in Israeli martial arts – all you need is INTEGRITY – We get you the skills and knowledge need – ANA Moto (Avi Nardia Academy)

Kapap: The Epoch of Israeli Martial Arts

Kapap: The Epoch of Israeli Martial Arts

Kapap was introduced to the public in 2002 by Avi Nardia, after he left the Israeli counter terror unit the Yamam. Avi realised that there was a need for the Kapap self defence system for civilians and bring a new approach to reality based martial arts. Kapap was modified slightly, to suit civilians who wished to train in Kapap, and reap the benefits of the Kapap self defence system.

KAPAP is an acronym that stands for Krav Panim el Panim. Literally translated, means Face-to-Face Combat. Since that introduction, Kapap has grown into the worldwide self-defence phenomenon that it is today.

I was training in America when I came across the name Avi Nardia who had come from Israel to teach this military close quarter combat system called Kapap. From then, I did more research on Avi, and Kapap, and found out that Avi was actually a major who hand been in the elite Israeli counter terror unit called the Yamam, where he had also been the trainer for this elite unit. In that first conversation I had with Avi Nardia, I remember thinking this guy knows what he is talking about, his wealth of knowledge on the subject of close quarter combat, firearms, edged weapons, and counter terrorism was an epoch moment for me. How many times have you gone to a seminar and been disappointed with what you have been shown or given, especially after giving over your hard-earned money. For me I knew then that Kapap was for me, I needed no further convincing, for me as a person always involved in impact sports, this was going to be a great personal challenge to learn all I could about this new system called Kapap or Krav Panim El Panim (Face To Face Combat.)

Also from my discussions with Avi I found out a man called Maishel Horowitz was a major contributor to the development of KAPAP which slowly transformed into Krav Maga in the IDF during the 1950′s. In fact Maishel did not even know that such a thing as Krav Maga existed or that his stick fighting system was taught to soldiers as late as 1959. The Palmach museum in Israel calls him developer and chief instructor of KAPAP in the Hagana and Palmach.

Modern day Kapap is not a conventional self defence system. It is a self-defence system that is designed to encourage the individual to use what works for them. We are all different in our size, strength, speed, agility and perceptions. KAPAP self-defence is designed to help level the odds between you and your attacker, it teaches key survival skills and how to react when attacked, and it will rapidly develop an awareness of what self-defence works and what doesn’t.

The KAPAP self-defence system is a philosophy and a concept. It is a bridge between systems that unites the common martial arts self-defence principles under a single banner. It takes what works and make it work harder, through our evolution over millions of years we have been endowed with a set of automatic survival responses that take over in the event of an assault or attack. The KAPAP self defence system works with these natural responses to help ensure that your personal protection is second to none.

From those fledgling days, I would take every opportunity I got to train with Avi. Long hours of training ensued day and night, travelling thousands of miles just to gain more knowledge. It was not an easy journey, there were quite a few sacrifices along the way, as my wife will testify, but I was always fully supported by Marieca in those hard days.

There were times, Avi and I would sleep in cars waiting for aeroplanes in fog bound carparks, sleep on floors. There would be times we would miss a flight connection, then have to wait hours for the next flight to get to the next course or seminar. We both talk about those days and laugh now, but at the time it was difficult. There were many highs, and some really low points. Avi and I met a lot of great people along the way. Along with some who were not so great, but perseverance was key, if Kapap was to grow. If we look at Kapap today it is on 6 continents a truly remarkable achievement.

Yes, it is a bold statement to make that Kapap is the new epoch in modern day Israeli based martial arts. If we look back before 2002 we found that a lot of the reality based martial arts were based on linear movement alone and were lacking in a lot of areas regarding self-defence. At Avi Nardia Kapap, the term “Our Weapon Is Our Brain” was introduced.
Over time our brains have evolved in a way to protect us from danger. As part of our self-protection system we have a selection of choices: fight, flight, and freeze. Our brain will trigger a response which involves the autonomic nervous system, sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. We are acutely aware if we don’t have a set of options in a dangerous situation, we may not find a way out of such a situation. This can be a double edged sword as on the other hand, our brains also know that if we have too many selections to make, we often get disorientated. If we are confused, we may make the wrong choice, which could put in us serious harm. This means that the brain likes to have a selection of choices, but not too many choices.

The Earth is the third space rock from the sun, and life as we know it came to be, because of this space rock being in the “circumstellar habitable zone” according to the scientists. This zone is also called the Goldilocks zone, which is a metaphor of the children’s fairy tale. Goldilocks and the Three Bears, in which Goldilocks the little girl in the story chooses from three lots of porridge, three chairs, and three beds, settling on which porridge, chair, and bed were the most comfortable. It will come as no surprise then, that number three is an important number from the development of the brain. Goldilocks had three choices to enable her to avoid the ones that were too hot and too cold, too big and too small, and select the one that is just right.

In Kapap we like to tap into this mechanism of three in the human brain. Those who study Kapap know that a triangle with three sides is the most stable shape, and in Kapap we talk about the three principles, relative position, two points of contact, and balance displacement. These three principles combined, is the foundation of effective self-defence. The same applies with the hubad in Kapap we create triangles when practicing this drill, it gives a strong defence combined with the principles. This is why in construction bridges and buildings that must carry a lot of load weight have structural elements based on triangles. In the army, they teach you to triangulate your position so you don’t get lost. You pick three points approximately 120 degrees apart to fix your position.

At Kapap we always refer to these principles when teaching about defence from assault, whether from a single attacker or multiple attackers with edged weapons, or firearms.
In those early days, everyone was into the new buzz word Krav Maga, especially after the film ‘ENOUGH’ with Jennifer Lopez was released in 2002.

Krav Maga was in the ascendancy, people were not interested in Kapap, and some of the Krav Maga community were prepared to go to any lengths to try and discredit Avi Nardia and Kapap, all of which is well documented. Yes Krav Maga did put the Israeli martial arts on the map, but it also remained linear in its approach to self-defence, as the DVD’s of the time will testify, it was based on linear movement only. Yes I can hear some quarters say the some defence is better than no defence, yes, that it is true in some respects, but not at the expense of getting into a deeper trouble or getting yourself killed.

It was to be early 2004 for the first Kapap level 1 course in Wakefield, West Yorkshire UK. It was a great course all the guys who attended had a great time, even though it was a very physical course. The biggest thing that stood out, was the approach to the training, and the techniques. The guys were amazed at the simplicity and effectiveness of applications and the techniques and how quickly a threat, would become compliant.

Yes that first course back then was a real eye opener, it was not long before Avi was back to do another course, and the same response was given great course, can’t believe the content, and how everything was so simple to apply. A few more courses were completed and we thought yes people are starting to see the light, and how this new revolutionary self defence system would change the way instructors learn, and teach especially after learning about two points of contact, relative position and balance displacement.

Those courses in Wakefield were the spring board for Kapap. Many prospective instructors travelled from Holland, Italy, France, Ireland, Sweden, Poland, Bulgaria, Thailand, USA, Mauritius and many other countries. In turn those new instructors went back to their countries, to start their own clubs.

In those early days we were coming up against some very hostile organisations and individuals at that time, who said we were frauds and a separate off shoot of Krav Maga, which were wild statements to make from people and organisations who had never met Avi Nardia or me. Avi was in shock that people were so quick to judge and question his credentials.

Sadly over time we realised that was not the beginning of instructors learning or teaching the new revolutionary self-defence. Instead what we found was a litany of individuals coming to incorporate the new ways of Kapap’s thinking and ethos into their own martial arts or system, giving no credit or any credit where credit was due. For those who have met Avi or myself you will soon realise that we have tenacity and staying power. It was a shame that a lot of instructors who came could not live up to the core values of Kapap UK and Avi Nardia’s Academy of loyalty, honesty, integrity and respect for people. Me personally I do not think that is a lot to ask. We still have the original instructors like Andy Strong, Brett Redneck Richards, Gary Kennedy Higham, and Malcolm Ladley who were instrumental in helping Kapap progress with those core values.

When I now look back, and see how Kapap has grown over the last 15 years from its humble beginnings it has been truly an achievement for all involved with Kapap. In those early days if you had typed Kapap into Google search you would have got a handful of results. Now when you type Kapap into Google you get ½ million results. From its early days of 2002 the one thing that we can see is the massive influence of Avi Nardia Kapap along with my contribution and support throughout the UK, Europe and Australia. Kapap’s approach has led the way in reality based martial arts. So much so that other reality based systems have changed in its approach to self-defence. This also includes the other Israeli based martial arts trying to move away from the linear approach. We know this through the DVD’s and articles that were produced by Avi Nardia, I and Budo magazine and how slowly but surely that they were adopted by other instructors and organisations. The advent of social media, helped speed up the process 10 fold.

We are now seeing a lot of Israeli styles are now changing their titles to Krav Maga Kapap. Which is in itself the validation of how important Kapap changed the way for a lot of Israeli arts as well as the reality based arts. As they say imitation is the sincerest form of flattery.
For me it has been a great journey so far. I have made some great friends along the way, and had the privilege of teaching and training in a variety of situations, and look forward to the next fifteen years.

The Avi Nardia KAPAP Self Defence System offers intensive courses that are designed for security companies, security departments, law enforcement agencies, military or civilians interested in upgrading their knowledge and capabilities in this field.

Our training system includes a well-established curriculum mainly based on live exercises and simulations. We believe that only a wise combination of strategy and tactical learning, with extensive and realistic training, can offer professional and practical solutions in modern high stress situations.

Sam Markey